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Prevalence of oral diseases and risks to oral health in an urban community aged above 14 years.
Indian J Dent Res. 2019 Nov-Dec; 30(6):844-850.IJ

Abstract

Introduction

Oral health is a requisite to general health and quality of life. The public health problems associated with oral diseases are a serious burden in every nation around the globe.

Aims

The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of dental problems and the oral health seeking behavior of an urban south Indian population aged >14 years.

Materials and Methods

In this population-based cross-sectional study, 101 households were selected through systematic random sampling. About 419 participants were interviewed and information on sociodemographic characteristics, personal, and dental history was obtained and a complete oral cavity examination was performed.

Results

The prevalence of dental caries, periodontal problems, and tooth wear were 78.75%, 74.7%, and 72.3%, respectively. The mean number of overall affected teeth in the population by one dental problem is 16 ± 8.13. The mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score was 4.5. The risk factors that were significantly associated with the poor oral health status were age >31 years (Odds Ratio (OR), 2.88), education less than eighth grade (OR, 2.35), inadequate oral hygiene practices (OR, 1.61), use of any form of tobacco (OR, 2.08), and alcohol consumption (OR, 2.02). Only 185 (44.1%) participants perceived that they had a dental problem at the point of the survey and only 20 of them (10.81%) visited a dentist.

Conclusion

This study showed a high prevalence of dental caries, periodontal problem, and tooth wear. This emphasizes the need for community-based awareness program on dental health and recommends periodic dental health screening program at the community level for early diagnosis and better treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, Haryana; Department of Community Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.Department of Dental and Oral Surgery, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.Department of Community Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.Department of Community Medicine, LCECU, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31939358

Citation

Varghese, Chris Merin, et al. "Prevalence of Oral Diseases and Risks to Oral Health in an Urban Community Aged Above 14 Years." Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, vol. 30, no. 6, 2019, pp. 844-850.
Varghese CM, Jesija JS, Prasad JH, et al. Prevalence of oral diseases and risks to oral health in an urban community aged above 14 years. Indian J Dent Res. 2019;30(6):844-850.
Varghese, C. M., Jesija, J. S., Prasad, J. H., & Pricilla, R. A. (2019). Prevalence of oral diseases and risks to oral health in an urban community aged above 14 years. Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 30(6), 844-850. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_42_18
Varghese CM, et al. Prevalence of Oral Diseases and Risks to Oral Health in an Urban Community Aged Above 14 Years. Indian J Dent Res. 2019 Nov-Dec;30(6):844-850. PubMed PMID: 31939358.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of oral diseases and risks to oral health in an urban community aged above 14 years. AU - Varghese,Chris Merin, AU - Jesija,J S, AU - Prasad,Jasmin Helan, AU - Pricilla,Ruby Angeline, PY - 2020/1/16/entrez PY - 2020/1/16/pubmed PY - 2020/1/17/medline KW - Dental caries KW - oral hygiene KW - periodontal problems KW - tooth wear SP - 844 EP - 850 JF - Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research JO - Indian J Dent Res VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - Introduction: Oral health is a requisite to general health and quality of life. The public health problems associated with oral diseases are a serious burden in every nation around the globe. Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of dental problems and the oral health seeking behavior of an urban south Indian population aged >14 years. Materials and Methods: In this population-based cross-sectional study, 101 households were selected through systematic random sampling. About 419 participants were interviewed and information on sociodemographic characteristics, personal, and dental history was obtained and a complete oral cavity examination was performed. Results: The prevalence of dental caries, periodontal problems, and tooth wear were 78.75%, 74.7%, and 72.3%, respectively. The mean number of overall affected teeth in the population by one dental problem is 16 ± 8.13. The mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score was 4.5. The risk factors that were significantly associated with the poor oral health status were age >31 years (Odds Ratio (OR), 2.88), education less than eighth grade (OR, 2.35), inadequate oral hygiene practices (OR, 1.61), use of any form of tobacco (OR, 2.08), and alcohol consumption (OR, 2.02). Only 185 (44.1%) participants perceived that they had a dental problem at the point of the survey and only 20 of them (10.81%) visited a dentist. Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence of dental caries, periodontal problem, and tooth wear. This emphasizes the need for community-based awareness program on dental health and recommends periodic dental health screening program at the community level for early diagnosis and better treatment. SN - 1998-3603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31939358/Prevalence_of_oral_diseases_and_risks_to_oral_health_in_an_urban_community_aged_above_14_years_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/5397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -