Lessons of the month 2: Connecting the clues: limb swelling and pain.Clin Med (Lond). 2020 01; 20(1):105-106.CM
A 28-year-old man presented with a sudden onset of left leg pain and swelling. There was no history of preceding trauma. Initial blood tests were unremarkable, ultrasound imaging showed extensive subcutaneous oedema. He then developed similar symptoms in his right leg, followed by both arms, and finally his forehead. A fluctuating peripheral eosinophilia subsequently developed. Biopsies of the arm and forehead showed an evolving panniculitis. The clinical features, peripheral eosinophilia, imaging and histology were consistent with a diagnosis of eosinophilic fasciitis. The patient received a course of steroids with complete resolution of his symptoms. Eosinophilic fasciitis is an uncommon condition but one that may be encountered by acute physicians. Early recognition and treatment is important to prevent complications.