Ultrasmall SnS Quantum Dots Anchored onto Nitrogen-Enriched Carbon Nanospheres as an Advanced Anode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Feb 12; 12(6):7114-7124.AA
Structural pulverization of metal chalcogenides such as Sn-based compounds is a serious issue for development of high-performance anode materials and results in serious capacity fading during continuous charge and discharge cycles. In this work, we synthesize ultrasmall SnS quantum dots (QDs) anchored onto nitrogen-enriched carbon (NC) nanospheres through facile hydrothermal and carbonization processes to prepare a progressive anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The optimized SnS QDs@NC electrode delivered an initial discharge capacity of 281 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 and exhibited excellent cycling stability with a capacity retention of 75% after 500 cycles at a high current density of 1000 mA g-1. Ex situ XRD, XPS, FE-SEM, TEM measurements, and kinetics study were performed to unveil the sodium storage mechanism of the SnS QDs@NC electrode. A sodium-ion full cell assembled with an SnS QDs@NC anode and a Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode exhibited high capacity and good cycling stability. Such a superior electrochemical performance of SnS QDs@NC can be attributed to the synergistic effects of NC and SnS QDs where NC serves as a conducting matrix to support SnS QDs and helps avoid structural degradation. This work provides a promising strategy to resolve the pulverization issue of alloying and conversion-type anode materials.