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Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century.
Bratisl Lek Listy. 2020; 121(1):96-101.BL

Abstract

Vaclav Trnka from Křovice (1739-1791, in Latin: Wenzel Trnka Krzowitz) was a remarkable physician whose life serves as an example in the history of medicine by connecting major capital cities of Central Europe. In view of current geographical layout, he was born and brought up in the Czech Republic, graduated from University of Vienna in Austria, and was appointed Professor of the Anatomy at the newly established Faculty of Medicine of University of Nagyszombat, presently Trnava in Slovak Republic. When the University moved to Buda and later to Pest (today Budapest, Hungary), he was the first educator to introduce anatomy as a medical subject to be taught in a Hungarian medical school. He also was elected the Dean of Faculty of Medicine three times and in 1786-1787 he acted as Rector of then the Royal University of Pest. During his life, he published twenty-seven monographs dealing with different areas of clinical medicine, such as malaria (intermittent fever), diabetes, and rickets. Based on these monographs we can proclaim that Václav Trnka was a co-founder of modern infectology, diabetology and ophthalmology in Central Europe. Nowadays, artificial intelligence and bioinformatics are inseparable parts of modern health care system which help the transformation of big data into valuable knowledge. In the 18th century, Professor Trnka owned more than 3,000 scientific books and had natural, innate intelligence and wisdom which made him a real "medical polymath". As a musician, Trnka also composed sixty-one canons, two of them long wrongly considered as Mozart's work. Despite the fact that Trnka is considered to be the founder of Hungarian anatomy education and a major medical figure of the eighteenth century Central Europe, no internationally acclaimed biographical record of his life or work has so far been published in English. Therefore, we would like to reintroduce Václav Trnka both as an anatomist and medical polymath, and to give an overview of the early days of anatomy teaching in present-day Slovakia and Hungary (Fig. 1, Ref. 27). Keywords: Trnka from Křovice, anatomist, medical polymath, history of medicine.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31950845

Citation

Kachlik, D, et al. "Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century." Bratislavske Lekarske Listy, vol. 121, no. 1, 2020, pp. 96-101.
Kachlik D, Varga I, Zupanic J, et al. Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2020;121(1):96-101.
Kachlik, D., Varga, I., Zupanic, J., & Szekely, A. D. (2020). Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century. Bratislavske Lekarske Listy, 121(1), 96-101. https://doi.org/10.4149/BLL_2020_013
Kachlik D, et al. Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2020;121(1):96-101. PubMed PMID: 31950845.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trnka Vaclav - Central European Anatomist and Medical Polymath of the Eighteenth Century. AU - Kachlik,D, AU - Varga,I, AU - Zupanic,J, AU - Szekely,A D, PY - 2020/1/18/entrez PY - 2020/1/18/pubmed PY - 2020/1/18/medline SP - 96 EP - 101 JF - Bratislavske lekarske listy JO - Bratisl Lek Listy VL - 121 IS - 1 N2 - Vaclav Trnka from Křovice (1739-1791, in Latin: Wenzel Trnka Krzowitz) was a remarkable physician whose life serves as an example in the history of medicine by connecting major capital cities of Central Europe. In view of current geographical layout, he was born and brought up in the Czech Republic, graduated from University of Vienna in Austria, and was appointed Professor of the Anatomy at the newly established Faculty of Medicine of University of Nagyszombat, presently Trnava in Slovak Republic. When the University moved to Buda and later to Pest (today Budapest, Hungary), he was the first educator to introduce anatomy as a medical subject to be taught in a Hungarian medical school. He also was elected the Dean of Faculty of Medicine three times and in 1786-1787 he acted as Rector of then the Royal University of Pest. During his life, he published twenty-seven monographs dealing with different areas of clinical medicine, such as malaria (intermittent fever), diabetes, and rickets. Based on these monographs we can proclaim that Václav Trnka was a co-founder of modern infectology, diabetology and ophthalmology in Central Europe. Nowadays, artificial intelligence and bioinformatics are inseparable parts of modern health care system which help the transformation of big data into valuable knowledge. In the 18th century, Professor Trnka owned more than 3,000 scientific books and had natural, innate intelligence and wisdom which made him a real "medical polymath". As a musician, Trnka also composed sixty-one canons, two of them long wrongly considered as Mozart's work. Despite the fact that Trnka is considered to be the founder of Hungarian anatomy education and a major medical figure of the eighteenth century Central Europe, no internationally acclaimed biographical record of his life or work has so far been published in English. Therefore, we would like to reintroduce Václav Trnka both as an anatomist and medical polymath, and to give an overview of the early days of anatomy teaching in present-day Slovakia and Hungary (Fig. 1, Ref. 27). Keywords: Trnka from Křovice, anatomist, medical polymath, history of medicine. SN - 0006-9248 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31950845/Trnka_Vaclav___Central_European_Anatomist_and_Medical_Polymath_of_the_Eighteenth_Century_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.4149/BLL_2020_013 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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