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Emotional face prediction in rejection sensitive individuals: Evidence from event-related potentials.
Conscious Cogn. 2020 02; 78:102880.CC

Abstract

Human beings live in an uncertain world, but they continuously generate top-down predictions about emotional face information of other people around them. Although the prediction processing has repeatedly been investigated in the literature of prediction, little is known about the impact of rejection sensitive (RS) on individuals' emotional face prediction. To this end, high and low RS participants were asked to perform an identification task of emotional faces in which target faces were shown in either an angry or happy expression while their brain responses were recorded using an event-related potential (ERP) technique. The behavioral results suggested an effect of emotional face prediction. For the P100 component, low RS participants showed longer P100 peak latencies in the left than right hemisphere when they viewed predictable emotional faces. In addition, low RS participants showed larger N170 mean amplitudes for angry compared to happy faces when they perceived unpredictable faces, but not when these faces were predictable. This presumably reflected a sensibility to angry faces in the unpredictable trails. Interestingly, high RS participants did not demonstrate such a N170 difference, suggesting that high RS participants showed a reduced sensitivity to unpredictable angry faces. Furthermore, angry faces triggered increased LPP mean amplitudes compared to happy faces, which was consistent with the results of other ERP studies examining the processing of emotional faces. Finally, we observed significant negative correlations between behavioral and ERP prediction effect, indicating one consistency between the behavioral and electrophysiological data.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Institute of Education, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China. Electronic address: haiqi198649@163.com.Department of Psychology, Institute of Education, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China.College of Preschool and Primary Education, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31954983

Citation

Ran, Guangming, et al. "Emotional Face Prediction in Rejection Sensitive Individuals: Evidence From Event-related Potentials." Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 78, 2020, p. 102880.
Ran G, Li R, Zhang Q. Emotional face prediction in rejection sensitive individuals: Evidence from event-related potentials. Conscious Cogn. 2020;78:102880.
Ran, G., Li, R., & Zhang, Q. (2020). Emotional face prediction in rejection sensitive individuals: Evidence from event-related potentials. Consciousness and Cognition, 78, 102880. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2020.102880
Ran G, Li R, Zhang Q. Emotional Face Prediction in Rejection Sensitive Individuals: Evidence From Event-related Potentials. Conscious Cogn. 2020;78:102880. PubMed PMID: 31954983.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional face prediction in rejection sensitive individuals: Evidence from event-related potentials. AU - Ran,Guangming, AU - Li,Rui, AU - Zhang,Qi, Y1 - 2020/01/16/ PY - 2019/05/04/received PY - 2019/11/29/revised PY - 2020/01/11/accepted PY - 2020/1/20/pubmed PY - 2021/4/17/medline PY - 2020/1/20/entrez KW - ERPs KW - Emotion KW - Face KW - Prediction KW - Rejection sensitivity SP - 102880 EP - 102880 JF - Consciousness and cognition JO - Conscious Cogn VL - 78 N2 - Human beings live in an uncertain world, but they continuously generate top-down predictions about emotional face information of other people around them. Although the prediction processing has repeatedly been investigated in the literature of prediction, little is known about the impact of rejection sensitive (RS) on individuals' emotional face prediction. To this end, high and low RS participants were asked to perform an identification task of emotional faces in which target faces were shown in either an angry or happy expression while their brain responses were recorded using an event-related potential (ERP) technique. The behavioral results suggested an effect of emotional face prediction. For the P100 component, low RS participants showed longer P100 peak latencies in the left than right hemisphere when they viewed predictable emotional faces. In addition, low RS participants showed larger N170 mean amplitudes for angry compared to happy faces when they perceived unpredictable faces, but not when these faces were predictable. This presumably reflected a sensibility to angry faces in the unpredictable trails. Interestingly, high RS participants did not demonstrate such a N170 difference, suggesting that high RS participants showed a reduced sensitivity to unpredictable angry faces. Furthermore, angry faces triggered increased LPP mean amplitudes compared to happy faces, which was consistent with the results of other ERP studies examining the processing of emotional faces. Finally, we observed significant negative correlations between behavioral and ERP prediction effect, indicating one consistency between the behavioral and electrophysiological data. SN - 1090-2376 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31954983/Emotional_face_prediction_in_rejection_sensitive_individuals:_Evidence_from_event_related_potentials_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -