Naringenin mitigates antituberculosis drugs induced hepatic and renal injury in rats.J Tradit Complement Med 2020; 10(1):26-35JT
Tuberculosis is one of the deadly diseases, which can be well treated by antituberculosis drugs (ATDs) i.e. isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. These drugs also lead to severe hepatic and renal injury. The present study was designed to investigate efficacy of naringenin against ATDs induced hepato-renal injury. Rats were administered with ATDs for 8 weeks (3 day/week) followed by naringenin at three different doses (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) conjointly for 8 weeks (3 days/week) orally. Silymarin (50 mg/kg) was used as positive control in the study. Hepatic and renal injury was measured by increased level of serological parameters such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, urea, uric acid and creatinine. The toxic effect of ATDs was also indicated by significant increase in lipid peroxidation along with decline in GSH, catalase and superoxide dismutase activity in liver and kidney tissues. Treatment with naringenin encountered ATDs induced injury as evident by significant reversal of biochemical indices towards their respective control in a dose dependent manner. Histopathological observations also supported biochemical findings. Assessment of TNF-α indicated therapeutic efficacy of naringenin at molecular level. Thus, results of this study clearly showed that naringenin possess protective role against ATDs induced hepato-renal injury and to take naringenin supplementation as food may be worthwhile to reduce ATDs induced hepato-renal injury.