1,3-Diaryl-β-diketone Organic Crystals with Red Amplified Spontaneous Emission.Chempluschem 2016; 81(12):1320-1325C
In this study, 1-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-3-(1-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)propane-1,3-dione (DPHND) was designed and synthesized to construct red-emissive organic solids. Although DPHND was weakly yellow fluorescent in organic solvents, its emission intensity showed a significant enhancement when a relatively large amount of poor solvent was added, and displayed typical aggregation-induced enhanced emission (AIEE). Notably, the crystals formed by a solution-diffusion approach showed bright red fluorescence (λem =621 nm), which was greatly redshifted by about 60 nm compared with that in solution. Molecules in crystals took a planar conformation and formed a herringbone packing structure, which effectively avoided π⋅⋅⋅π interactions, and hence contributed to the enhancement of the fluorescent quantum yield. The fluorescence spectrum of the long striplike crystals of DPHND gradually narrowed accompanied by a dramatic enhancement of the intensity when the pump energy of the laser beam was increased (355 nm), which indicated that these red-emissive crystals displayed typical amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). In addition, DPHND with an extended π-conjugated structure clearly improved its thermostability compared with the previously reported analogues, which may pave the way for its application in future electrically driven organic solid-state lasers.