Ferrocene-Biotin Conjugates: Synthesis, Structure, Cytotoxic Activity and Interaction with Avidin.Chempluschem 2016; 81(11):1191-1201C
Friedel-Crafts acylation of ferrocene with d-biotin, d-homobiotin and d-desthiobiotin gave ferrocenyl ketones. These compounds were diastereoselectively reduced to the corresponding alcohols using (R)- and (S)-Me-CBS-oxazaborolidine-borane complexes as reducing agents. The alcohols were further transformed into azido and finally to amino derivatives with retention of configuration, as confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Ferrocenylbiotin alcohols smoothly underwent dehydration to (E)-alkenes as the major isomers by heating in diluted acetic acid. The synthesized compounds retained high affinity for avidin. They also exhibited high cytotoxicity toward cancer cells expressing various levels of sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) in the absence of biotin in the medium, whereas the presence of free biotin decreased their antiproliferative activity. This revealed that these biotin-ferrocene conjugates might be used as biologically active agents against cancer cells, although there was no clear relationship between their cytotoxicity and cellular SMVT level.