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Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population.

Abstract

PURPOSE

Self-report measures of sedentary behavior are easier to use in a clinical setting; yet, no self-report measures of sedentary behavior appear to be validated in cardiac rehabilitation over time. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time (PAST) questionnaire in a cardiac rehabilitation population over 12 mo.

METHODS

Seventy-two cardiac rehabilitation participants were recruited to a prospective cohort study. Participants wore an ActiGraph ActiSleep accelerometer (sedentary time <100 counts/min) for 7 consecutive days and completed the self-administered PAST questionnaire at baseline, 6 wk, and 6 and 12 mo. Total daily sedentary time from both methods were compared using Bland-Altman plots and Spearman rank-order correlations.

RESULTS

Agreement between the 2 measures of sedentary time improved over 12 mo. At 6 and 12 mo, there was a good level of agreement between measures (mean difference between accelerometer and PAST 57 and -0.7 min, respectively), although the dispersion of the differences was wide (95% limits of agreement -428 to 541 and -500 to 498 min, respectively). There were weak correlations between the PAST questionnaire and average accelerometer measured sedentary time at all time points (ρ=-0.249 to 0.188).

CONCLUSIONS

Following repeated assessments, the PAST questionnaire may be useful to determine sedentary time in cardiac rehabilitation participants at a group level, with participants appearing to more accurately recall their time spent in sedentary behavior. Further research is indicated to assess the validity of sedentary behavior questionnaires in cardiac rehabilitation, with a combination of objective and self-reported measures currently recommended.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiotherapy (Dr Freene), and Centre for Research & Action in Public Health, Health Research Institute (Dr Davey), University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT, Australia; Departments of Cardiology (Ms McManus and Dr Tan) and Exercise Physiology (Ms Mair), Canberra Hospital and Health Services, Garran, ACT, Australia; and School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia (Dr Clark).No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31972632

Citation

Freene, Nicole, et al. "Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population." Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 2020.
Freene N, McManus M, Mair T, et al. Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2020.
Freene, N., McManus, M., Mair, T., Tan, R., Clark, B., & Davey, R. (2020). Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, doi:10.1097/HCR.0000000000000488.
Freene N, et al. Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2020 Jan 15; PubMed PMID: 31972632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time Questionnaire in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Population. AU - Freene,Nicole, AU - McManus,Margaret, AU - Mair,Tarryn, AU - Tan,Ren, AU - Clark,Bronwyn, AU - Davey,Rachel, Y1 - 2020/01/15/ PY - 2020/1/24/entrez PY - 2020/1/24/pubmed PY - 2020/1/24/medline JF - Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention JO - J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev N2 - PURPOSE: Self-report measures of sedentary behavior are easier to use in a clinical setting; yet, no self-report measures of sedentary behavior appear to be validated in cardiac rehabilitation over time. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time (PAST) questionnaire in a cardiac rehabilitation population over 12 mo. METHODS: Seventy-two cardiac rehabilitation participants were recruited to a prospective cohort study. Participants wore an ActiGraph ActiSleep accelerometer (sedentary time <100 counts/min) for 7 consecutive days and completed the self-administered PAST questionnaire at baseline, 6 wk, and 6 and 12 mo. Total daily sedentary time from both methods were compared using Bland-Altman plots and Spearman rank-order correlations. RESULTS: Agreement between the 2 measures of sedentary time improved over 12 mo. At 6 and 12 mo, there was a good level of agreement between measures (mean difference between accelerometer and PAST 57 and -0.7 min, respectively), although the dispersion of the differences was wide (95% limits of agreement -428 to 541 and -500 to 498 min, respectively). There were weak correlations between the PAST questionnaire and average accelerometer measured sedentary time at all time points (ρ=-0.249 to 0.188). CONCLUSIONS: Following repeated assessments, the PAST questionnaire may be useful to determine sedentary time in cardiac rehabilitation participants at a group level, with participants appearing to more accurately recall their time spent in sedentary behavior. Further research is indicated to assess the validity of sedentary behavior questionnaires in cardiac rehabilitation, with a combination of objective and self-reported measures currently recommended. SN - 1932-751X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31972632/Validity_of_the_Past-day_Adults'_Sedentary_Time_Questionnaire_in_a_Cardiac_Rehabilitation_Population L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HCR.0000000000000488 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -