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Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises.
J Strength Cond Res. 2021 Nov 01; 35(11):2988-2992.JS

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Soriano, MA, García-Ramos, A, Torres-González, A, Castillo-Palencia, J, Ayuso, V, Marín, PJ, and Comfort, P. Validity and reliability of a standardized protocol for assessing the one repetition maximum performance during overhead pressing exercises. J Strength Cond Res 35(11): 2988-2992, 2021-The aim of this study was to determine the validity of performing 3 one repetition maximum (1RM) assessments for the push press (PP), push jerk (PJ), and split jerk (SJ) in sequence in one testing session vs. the criterion method (testing on separate days), while determining the between-session reliability of the combined assessment. Twenty-two well-trained men (n = 22; age: 28.5 + 1.3 years; height: 1.80 + 0.04 m; body mass: 84.9 + 1.9 kg; training experience: 4.27 + 4.08 years) participated in this study. The 1RM was assessed in a sequential order in the same testing session (combined 1RM assessment) for the PP, PJ, and SJ on 2 occasions, to determine between-session reliability. The 1RM for each exercise was also examined on 3 separate sessions to compare the results against the combined method. A high reliability, low variability, and low measurement error were evident for the PP (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.960; coefficient of variation [CV] = 1.8%; smallest detectable difference [SDD] = 7.1%), PJ (ICC = 0.978; CV = 1.5%; SDD = 5.4%) and SJ (ICC = 0.987; CV = 0.8%; SDD = 4.6%). In addition, there were no significant (p > 0.05) or meaningful (η2 ≤0.001) differences between the single and combined assessments. The high reliability and validity of the combined assessment suggest that practitioners and researchers may simplify the testing procedure by assessing the 1RM during the 3 main overhead pressing exercises in a single testing session.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, San Javier, Murcia, Spain. University of Salford, Frederick Road Campus, Manchester, United Kingdom.Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Faculty of Education, CIEDE, Catholic University of the Most Holy Conception, Concepción, Chile.The House of Lifters National Weightlifting Club, Madrid, Spain.Force Athletes: Education and Physical Athlete Development Center, Albacete, Spain; and.CYMO Research Institute, Valladolid, Spain.CYMO Research Institute, Valladolid, Spain.University of Salford, Frederick Road Campus, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31972827

Citation

Soriano, Marcos A., et al. "Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 35, no. 11, 2021, pp. 2988-2992.
Soriano MA, García-Ramos A, Torres-González A, et al. Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2021;35(11):2988-2992.
Soriano, M. A., García-Ramos, A., Torres-González, A., Castillo-Palencia, J., Ayuso, V., Marín, P. J., & Comfort, P. (2021). Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 35(11), 2988-2992. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003284
Soriano MA, et al. Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2021 Nov 1;35(11):2988-2992. PubMed PMID: 31972827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validity and Reliability of a Standardized Protocol for Assessing the One Repetition Maximum Performance During Overhead Pressing Exercises. AU - Soriano,Marcos A, AU - García-Ramos,Amador, AU - Torres-González,Antonio, AU - Castillo-Palencia,Joaquín, AU - Ayuso,Víctor, AU - Marín,Pedro J, AU - Comfort,Paul, PY - 2020/1/24/pubmed PY - 2022/3/11/medline PY - 2020/1/24/entrez SP - 2988 EP - 2992 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 35 IS - 11 N2 - ABSTRACT: Soriano, MA, García-Ramos, A, Torres-González, A, Castillo-Palencia, J, Ayuso, V, Marín, PJ, and Comfort, P. Validity and reliability of a standardized protocol for assessing the one repetition maximum performance during overhead pressing exercises. J Strength Cond Res 35(11): 2988-2992, 2021-The aim of this study was to determine the validity of performing 3 one repetition maximum (1RM) assessments for the push press (PP), push jerk (PJ), and split jerk (SJ) in sequence in one testing session vs. the criterion method (testing on separate days), while determining the between-session reliability of the combined assessment. Twenty-two well-trained men (n = 22; age: 28.5 + 1.3 years; height: 1.80 + 0.04 m; body mass: 84.9 + 1.9 kg; training experience: 4.27 + 4.08 years) participated in this study. The 1RM was assessed in a sequential order in the same testing session (combined 1RM assessment) for the PP, PJ, and SJ on 2 occasions, to determine between-session reliability. The 1RM for each exercise was also examined on 3 separate sessions to compare the results against the combined method. A high reliability, low variability, and low measurement error were evident for the PP (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.960; coefficient of variation [CV] = 1.8%; smallest detectable difference [SDD] = 7.1%), PJ (ICC = 0.978; CV = 1.5%; SDD = 5.4%) and SJ (ICC = 0.987; CV = 0.8%; SDD = 4.6%). In addition, there were no significant (p > 0.05) or meaningful (η2 ≤0.001) differences between the single and combined assessments. The high reliability and validity of the combined assessment suggest that practitioners and researchers may simplify the testing procedure by assessing the 1RM during the 3 main overhead pressing exercises in a single testing session. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31972827/Validity_and_Reliability_of_a_Standardized_Protocol_for_Assessing_the_One_Repetition_Maximum_Performance_During_Overhead_Pressing_Exercises_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -