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Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: A Mixed-Methods Study.
Nurse Educ. 2020 Jan 14 [Online ahead of print]NE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Empathy can be challenging when caring for individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

PURPOSE

This study examined the effectiveness of simulation for enhancing the empathy of nursing students toward patients with AUD.

METHODS

A mixed-methods study used a pretest-posttest intervention measurement of empathy with the Comprehensive State Empathy Scale (CSES) and focus groups. Quantitative data were analyzed with t tests, whereas thematic analysis evaluated the qualitative data.

RESULTS

No significant differences were found between pre- and post-CSES scores. The subscales of empathic concern and shared affect were significant: empathic concern, t55 = - 2.16, P = .04, and shared affect, t55 = -2.16, P = .02. Empathic imagination reached significance for students with personal experience with someone with an AUD, t54 = -2.39, P = .02.

CONCLUSIONS

Additional research is warranted regarding the effect of simulation on empathic concern, shared affect, and empathic imagination toward individuals with AUD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Patterson), School of Nursing Texas Christian University, Fort Worth; and Professor (Dr Duke) and Associate Professor (Dr Hermanns), School of Nursing, and Professor, Department of Psychology and Counseling (Dr Stocks), University of Texas at Tyler.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31972845

Citation

Patterson, Jodi, et al. "Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: a Mixed-Methods Study." Nurse Educator, 2020.
Patterson J, Duke G, Stocks E, et al. Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: A Mixed-Methods Study. Nurse Educ. 2020.
Patterson, J., Duke, G., Stocks, E., & Hermanns, M. (2020). Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: A Mixed-Methods Study. Nurse Educator. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000804
Patterson J, et al. Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: a Mixed-Methods Study. Nurse Educ. 2020 Jan 14; PubMed PMID: 31972845.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Simulation to Enhance Empathy of Nursing Students Toward Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder: A Mixed-Methods Study. AU - Patterson,Jodi, AU - Duke,Gloria, AU - Stocks,Eric, AU - Hermanns,Melinda, Y1 - 2020/01/14/ PY - 2020/1/24/entrez PY - 2020/1/24/pubmed PY - 2020/1/24/medline JF - Nurse educator JO - Nurse Educ N2 - BACKGROUND: Empathy can be challenging when caring for individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of simulation for enhancing the empathy of nursing students toward patients with AUD. METHODS: A mixed-methods study used a pretest-posttest intervention measurement of empathy with the Comprehensive State Empathy Scale (CSES) and focus groups. Quantitative data were analyzed with t tests, whereas thematic analysis evaluated the qualitative data. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between pre- and post-CSES scores. The subscales of empathic concern and shared affect were significant: empathic concern, t55 = - 2.16, P = .04, and shared affect, t55 = -2.16, P = .02. Empathic imagination reached significance for students with personal experience with someone with an AUD, t54 = -2.39, P = .02. CONCLUSIONS: Additional research is warranted regarding the effect of simulation on empathic concern, shared affect, and empathic imagination toward individuals with AUD. SN - 1538-9855 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31972845/Simulation_to_Enhance_Empathy_of_Nursing_Students_Toward_Patients_With_Alcohol_Use_Disorder:_A_Mixed-Methods_Study L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000804 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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