Bactericidal and clinical efficacy of photochemotherapy in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2020 Mar; 29:101668.PP
This study was designed to investigate the clinical and microbiological parameters with photochemotherapy (PCT) against conventional debridement (CD) among patients with necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Patients with a diagnosis of NUG were divided into two groups: 'Group-PCT' that underwent indocyanine green-mediated PCT with adjunctive mechanical debridement, and Group-CD that underwent mechanical debridement with adjunctive 3 % hydrogen peroxide/chlorhexidine rinse. Clinical inflammatory gingival parameters including full-mouth plaque scores (FMPS), bleeding scores (FMBS), and probing depth (PD) were measured. Counts of Treponema microdentium, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella intermedia were assessed using polymerase chain reaction technique. All assessments were done at baseline, 3 weeks and 6 weeks.
Twenty-six participants were contacted and agreed to participate in the trial. The mean age of participants in group-PCT was 24.5 years while the mean age of patients in group-CD was 26.7 years. FMPS showed significant but equal reduction in both the groups at 3 weeks and 6 weeks (p < 0.01). The reduction in mean FMBS was higher in the group-PCT at 6 weeks follow-up (p < 0.05). All bacterial levels reduced from baseline to follow-up with both PCT and CD groups (p < 0.05). Group-PCT showed significantly reduced counts of T. microdentium and F. nucleatum at 3 weeks and 6 weeks compared with group-CD (p = 0.024). Equal reduction was shown for P. intermedia between both the groups at 3 and 6 weeks, respectively.
Application of adjunctive photochemotherapy was both clinically and microbiologically effective in the treatment of NUG.