Comprehensive genetic structure analysis of Han population from Dalian City revealed by 20 Y-STRs.Mol Genet Genomic Med. 2020 03; 8(3):e1149.MG
Dalian is a city formed in the 1880s in Liaoning province, Northeastern China with a population of 6.69 million now. Han is the largest ethnic group not only across Mainland China (92%) and Taiwan (97%) but also considered to be the largest ethnic group of the world contributing to above 18% of world's population.
In the current study, we genotyped Goldeneye® 20Y System loci in 879 unrelated male individuals from the Han ethnic group in Dalian city and calculated the forensic parameters of the 20 Y-STR loci.
In total, we observed 855 haplotypes, among which 835 (94.99%) were unique. The discrimination capacity (DC) of overall Goldeneye® 20Y System is 97.27% and it slightly reduces to 96.93% when only Y-filer® set of 17 Y-STRs were used, which mitigates using the extended set of markers in this population. We found DYS388 showed the lowest gene diversity (0.5151), whereas DYS389II showed the highest gene diversity (0.7621) in single copy Y-STR, and DYS385 showed the highest gene diversity (0.9683) among all.
Multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis based upon pairwise Rst genetic distance showed difference among Han population from the east to the west and from the north to the south. We also predicted haplogroups using Y-STR haplotypes, which showed the dominance of Haplogroup O (65.2%) followed by Haplogroup C (14.5%) in Dalian Han population. Moreover, we found 10 individuals showed a null allele at the DYS448 in our samples. We also performed linear discriminatory analysis (LDA) between Han and other prominent Chinese minority ethnic groups. We presented Y-STRs data in the Y-Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD) for the future forensic and other usage.