K0.83V2O5: A New Layered Compound as a Stable Cathode Material for Potassium-Ion Batteries.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Feb 26; 12(8):9332-9340.AA
Recently, potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) are being actively investigated. The development of PIBs calls for cathode materials with a rigid framework, reversible electrochemical reactivity, and a high amount of extractable K ions, which is extremely challenging due to the large size of potassium. Herein, a new layered compound K0.83V2O5 is reported as a potential cathode material for PIBs. It delivers an initial depotassiation capacity of 86 mAh g-1 and exhibits a reversible capacity of 90 mAh g-1 with a high redox potential of 3.5 V (vs K+/K) and a capacity retention of more than 80% after 200 cycles. Experimental investigations combined with theoretical calculation indicate that depotassiation-potassiation is accommodated by contraction-expansion of the interlayer spacing along with unpuckering-puckering of the layers. Additionally, the calculated electronic structure suggests the (semi)metallic feature of KxV2O5 (0 < x ≤ 0.875) and K-ion transport in the material is predicted to be one-dimensional with the experimentally estimated chemical diffusion coefficient in the order of 10-15-10-12 cm2 s-1. Finally, a K-ion full cell consisting of the K0.83V2O5 cathode and a graphite anode is demonstrated to deliver an energy density of 136 Wh kg-1. This study will provide insights for further designing novel layered cathodes with high K-ion content for PIBs.