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Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children.
Am J Prev Med. 2020 04; 58(4):e105-e111.AJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This study examines the associations between objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity among child care educators and children in their direct care and aims to determine if the associations differed between toddlers (aged 19-35 months) and preschoolers (aged 36-60 months).

METHODS

The participants were educators and children from 19 child care centers in Edmonton and Ottawa, Canada, as part of the Supporting Healthy Active Child Care Settings study. Sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity during child care were measured with accelerometers in 2017-2018. Nap time data were removed for children and educators based on room schedules. Children were matched with the main educator in their room that had the highest total physical activity, resulting in 187 children and 38 educators. Multilevel linear regression models with interaction terms were conducted in 2019.

RESULTS

Children engaged in 30.0, 23.1, and 6.9 minutes per hour of sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity, respectively. Educators engaged in 33.5, 23.6, and 2.9 minutes per hour of sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity, respectively. No significant interactions were observed, so age-stratified analyses were not conducted. Each additional 5 minutes per hour of educator sedentary time was significantly associated with 0.5 minutes per hour lower child moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity. Each additional 5 minutes per hour of educator moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity was significantly associated with 1.3 minutes per hour higher child moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity. No other significant observations were observed.

CONCLUSIONS

The educators' sedentary time and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity may have a small but potentially meaningful influence on children's moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity because educators directly care for multiple children. Targeting these educator behaviors may be one strategy to increase children's moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity during child care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: vlcarson@ualberta.ca.Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Faculty of Arts, Mount Royal University, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Early Start, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32005591

Citation

Carson, Valerie, et al. "Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 58, no. 4, 2020, pp. e105-e111.
Carson V, Adamo KB, Ogden N, et al. Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children. Am J Prev Med. 2020;58(4):e105-e111.
Carson, V., Adamo, K. B., Ogden, N., Goldfield, G. S., Okely, A. D., Kuzik, N., Crozier, M., Hunter, S., & Predy, M. (2020). Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 58(4), e105-e111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.11.016
Carson V, et al. Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children. Am J Prev Med. 2020;58(4):e105-e111. PubMed PMID: 32005591.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care Educators and Children. AU - Carson,Valerie, AU - Adamo,Kristi B, AU - Ogden,Nancy, AU - Goldfield,Gary S, AU - Okely,Anthony D, AU - Kuzik,Nicholas, AU - Crozier,Mitchell, AU - Hunter,Stephen, AU - Predy,Madison, Y1 - 2020/01/29/ PY - 2019/06/18/received PY - 2019/11/18/revised PY - 2019/11/19/accepted PY - 2020/2/2/pubmed PY - 2020/2/2/medline PY - 2020/2/2/entrez SP - e105 EP - e111 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 58 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study examines the associations between objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity among child care educators and children in their direct care and aims to determine if the associations differed between toddlers (aged 19-35 months) and preschoolers (aged 36-60 months). METHODS: The participants were educators and children from 19 child care centers in Edmonton and Ottawa, Canada, as part of the Supporting Healthy Active Child Care Settings study. Sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity during child care were measured with accelerometers in 2017-2018. Nap time data were removed for children and educators based on room schedules. Children were matched with the main educator in their room that had the highest total physical activity, resulting in 187 children and 38 educators. Multilevel linear regression models with interaction terms were conducted in 2019. RESULTS: Children engaged in 30.0, 23.1, and 6.9 minutes per hour of sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity, respectively. Educators engaged in 33.5, 23.6, and 2.9 minutes per hour of sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity, respectively. No significant interactions were observed, so age-stratified analyses were not conducted. Each additional 5 minutes per hour of educator sedentary time was significantly associated with 0.5 minutes per hour lower child moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity. Each additional 5 minutes per hour of educator moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity was significantly associated with 1.3 minutes per hour higher child moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity. No other significant observations were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The educators' sedentary time and moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity may have a small but potentially meaningful influence on children's moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity because educators directly care for multiple children. Targeting these educator behaviors may be one strategy to increase children's moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity during child care. SN - 1873-2607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32005591/Sedentary_Time_and_Physical_Activity_Associations_Between_Child_Care_Educators_and_Children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0749-3797(20)30006-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -