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Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 05; 26(5):976-984.EI

Abstract

Influenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, and spreading cases over a longer time to relieve pressure on the healthcare system. We conducted systematic reviews of the evidence base for effectiveness of multiple mitigation measures: isolating ill persons, contact tracing, quarantining exposed persons, school closures, workplace measures/closures, and avoiding crowding. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of these measures was obtained largely from observational studies and simulation studies. Voluntary isolation at home might be a more feasible social distancing measure, and pandemic plans should consider how to facilitate this measure. More drastic social distancing measures might be reserved for severe pandemics.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32027585

Citation

Fong, Min W., et al. "Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 26, no. 5, 2020, pp. 976-984.
Fong MW, Gao H, Wong JY, et al. Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(5):976-984.
Fong, M. W., Gao, H., Wong, J. Y., Xiao, J., Shiu, E. Y. C., Ryu, S., & Cowling, B. J. (2020). Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26(5), 976-984. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2605.190995
Fong MW, et al. Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(5):976-984. PubMed PMID: 32027585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. AU - Fong,Min W, AU - Gao,Huizhi, AU - Wong,Jessica Y, AU - Xiao,Jingyi, AU - Shiu,Eunice Y C, AU - Ryu,Sukhyun, AU - Cowling,Benjamin J, Y1 - 2020/05/17/ PY - 2020/2/7/pubmed PY - 2020/2/7/medline PY - 2020/2/7/entrez KW - influenza KW - influenza viruses KW - nonhealthcare settings KW - nonpharmaceutical measures KW - pandemic KW - pandemic influenza KW - public health KW - respiratory infections KW - social distancing measures KW - viruses SP - 976 EP - 984 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerg Infect Dis VL - 26 IS - 5 N2 - Influenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, and spreading cases over a longer time to relieve pressure on the healthcare system. We conducted systematic reviews of the evidence base for effectiveness of multiple mitigation measures: isolating ill persons, contact tracing, quarantining exposed persons, school closures, workplace measures/closures, and avoiding crowding. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of these measures was obtained largely from observational studies and simulation studies. Voluntary isolation at home might be a more feasible social distancing measure, and pandemic plans should consider how to facilitate this measure. More drastic social distancing measures might be reserved for severe pandemics. SN - 1080-6059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32027585/Nonpharmaceutical_Measures_for_Pandemic_Influenza_in_Nonhealthcare_Settings_Social_Distancing_Measures_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2605.190995 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -