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Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 05; 26(5):961-966.EI

Abstract

International travel-related nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), which can include traveler screening, travel restrictions, and border closures, often are included in national influenza pandemic preparedness plans. We performed systematic reviews to identify evidence for their effectiveness. We found 15 studies in total. Some studies reported that NPIs could delay the introduction of influenza virus. However, no available evidence indicated that screening of inbound travelers would have a substantial effect on preventing spread of pandemic influenza, and no studies examining exit screening were found. Some studies reported that travel restrictions could delay the start of local transmission and slow international spread, and 1 study indicated that small Pacific islands were able to prevent importation of pandemic influenza during 1918-19 through complete border closure. This limited evidence base indicates that international travel-related NPIs would have limited effectiveness in controlling pandemic influenza and that these measures require considerable resources to implement.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32027587

Citation

Ryu, Sukhyun, et al. "Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 26, no. 5, 2020, pp. 961-966.
Ryu S, Gao H, Wong JY, et al. Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(5):961-966.
Ryu, S., Gao, H., Wong, J. Y., Shiu, E. Y. C., Xiao, J., Fong, M. W., & Cowling, B. J. (2020). Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26(5), 961-966. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2605.190993
Ryu S, et al. Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(5):961-966. PubMed PMID: 32027587.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-International Travel-Related Measures. AU - Ryu,Sukhyun, AU - Gao,Huizhi, AU - Wong,Jessica Y, AU - Shiu,Eunice Y C, AU - Xiao,Jingyi, AU - Fong,Min Whui, AU - Cowling,Benjamin J, Y1 - 2020/05/17/ PY - 2020/2/7/pubmed PY - 2020/2/7/medline PY - 2020/2/7/entrez KW - border closure KW - entry screening KW - influenza KW - nonpharmaceutical interventions KW - pandemic KW - public health KW - quarantine KW - respiratory diseases KW - travel restrictions KW - vaccine-preventable diseases KW - viruses SP - 961 EP - 966 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerg Infect Dis VL - 26 IS - 5 N2 - International travel-related nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), which can include traveler screening, travel restrictions, and border closures, often are included in national influenza pandemic preparedness plans. We performed systematic reviews to identify evidence for their effectiveness. We found 15 studies in total. Some studies reported that NPIs could delay the introduction of influenza virus. However, no available evidence indicated that screening of inbound travelers would have a substantial effect on preventing spread of pandemic influenza, and no studies examining exit screening were found. Some studies reported that travel restrictions could delay the start of local transmission and slow international spread, and 1 study indicated that small Pacific islands were able to prevent importation of pandemic influenza during 1918-19 through complete border closure. This limited evidence base indicates that international travel-related NPIs would have limited effectiveness in controlling pandemic influenza and that these measures require considerable resources to implement. SN - 1080-6059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32027587/Nonpharmaceutical_Measures_for_Pandemic_Influenza_in_Nonhealthcare_Settings_International_Travel_Related_Measures_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2605.190993 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -