Research Note: Effect of selection for body weight on the adipogenic conversion of turkey myogenic satellite cells by Syndecan-4 and its covalently attached N-glycosylation chains.Poult Sci. 2020 Feb; 99(2):1209-1215.PS
Adult myoblasts, satellite cells, will proliferate, and differentiate into myotubes in vitro. However, changes in environmental and nutritional conditions will result in the satellite cells differentiating into adipocyte-like cells synthesizing lipids. Prior research has shown that levels of N-glycosylation and heparan sulfate can promote or prevent the adipogenic conversion of myogenic satellite cells. Syndecan-4, an N-glycosylated heparan sulfate proteoglycan, has been shown to play key roles in satellite cell proliferation and migration. The objective of the current study was to determine if syndecan-4, and syndecan-4 N-glycosylation and heparan sulfate chain levels altered the conversion of satellite cells to an adipogenic cell fate and if growth selection affected the response of the satellite cells. Over-expression of syndecan-4, syndecan-4 without N-glycosylated chains but with its heparan sulfate chains attached, syndecan-4 without heparan sulfate chains with its N-glycosylation chains, and syndecan-4 without N-glycosylation and heparan sulfate chains was measured for lipid accumulation in pectoralis major muscle satellite cells isolated from the Randombred Control line 2 (RBC2) and 16 wk body weight (F line) turkeys. The F line was selected from the RBC2 line for only 16 wk body weight. Results from this study demonstrated that wild type levels of syndecan-4 and its covalently attached N-glycosylation chains play a key role in regulating the conversion of pectoralis major muscle satellite cells to an adipogenic lineage while selection for body weight was not a major contributing factor in this conversion.