Paragonimiasis: Neglected, Re-Emerging or Expanding Frontiers. Lessons from a Case Presenting in Jos, Plateau State.West Afr J Med. 2020 Jan-Mar; 37(1):85-87.WA
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Paragonimiasis is endemic in Eastern Nigeria. An upsurge was recorded after the Nigeria/Biafra war as protein lack in Biafra forced people to eat fresh water crabs. Its protean manifestations create confusion with several diseases. Elimination was assumed after a while and suspicion index fell. The interest in reporting this case follows its presentation outside the traditional endemic zone.
The patient, though living in Eastern Nigeria and manifesting several pointers of Paragonimiasis, was treated as tuberculosis despite negative sputum AFB; without improving. He then presented up-country in Jos where history led to suspicion and confirmation of Paragonimiasis. By this time he had severe cor-pulmonale and died despite treatment.
In this current economic downturn in Nigeria which may drive people to cheaper protein sources, a high index of suspicion should be raised for paragonimiasis when a patient presents with chronic cough productive of AFB-negative sputum and haemoptysis.