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Probiotic effects of mixture of Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens on growth and immune responses in Paralichthys olivaceus.
Lett Appl Microbiol. 2020 Jun; 70(6):431-439.LA

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate the effects of dietary probiotics on growth, non-specific immune responses and disease resistance in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. During 8 weeks, the fish were fed the five experimental diets such as a basal commercial diet (CON), oxytetracycline (OTC) and three basal diets containing Bacillus subtilis (BS), a commercial microbial product (CES) and a mixture of yeast and bacterium (PI), respectively. Fish fed all the probiotics diets and OTC showed a significantly higher growth than fish-fed CON (P < 0·05). Fish-fed PI had a significantly higher nitroblue tetrazolium activity, whereas fish-fed CES showed a higher lysozyme level (P < 0·05). A 7-day challenge test also showed that fish-fed PI had a cumulative survival rate equivalent to that of fish-fed OTC (P < 0·05). Moreover, the diet (PI) appeared to increase the diversity of microbial community in the fish. All these results suggest that the probiotics diet could function as a potential antibiotic replacer in the olive flounder. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study is unique in revealing that a diet mixture of yeast, Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and bacterium Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens can enhance growth, innate immunity and diversity of microbial community including dominant species in the olive flounder. All these indicate that the diet mixture could function as a potential antibiotic replacer in one of the most commercially important fisheries in South Korea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Energy Engineering, Future Convergence Technology Research Institute, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju, Republic of Korea.Department of Marine Bio-materials and Aquaculture/Feeds and Foods Nutrition Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.Department of Environmental Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan, Republic of Korea.Bayo Inc., Jinju, Republic of Korea.Department of Marine Bio-materials and Aquaculture/Feeds and Foods Nutrition Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.Department of Marine Bio-materials and Aquaculture/Feeds and Foods Nutrition Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.Department of Marine Bio-materials and Aquaculture/Feeds and Foods Nutrition Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.Department of Environmental Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32031273

Citation

Rhee, C, et al. "Probiotic Effects of Mixture of Groenewaldozyma Salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter Liquefaciens On Growth and Immune Responses in Paralichthys Olivaceus." Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 70, no. 6, 2020, pp. 431-439.
Rhee C, Kim H, Emmanuel SA, et al. Probiotic effects of mixture of Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens on growth and immune responses in Paralichthys olivaceus. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2020;70(6):431-439.
Rhee, C., Kim, H., Emmanuel, S. A., Kim, H. G., Won, S., Bae, J., Bai, S. C., & Koh, S. C. (2020). Probiotic effects of mixture of Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens on growth and immune responses in Paralichthys olivaceus. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 70(6), 431-439. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.13282
Rhee C, et al. Probiotic Effects of Mixture of Groenewaldozyma Salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter Liquefaciens On Growth and Immune Responses in Paralichthys Olivaceus. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2020;70(6):431-439. PubMed PMID: 32031273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Probiotic effects of mixture of Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens on growth and immune responses in Paralichthys olivaceus. AU - Rhee,C, AU - Kim,H, AU - Emmanuel,S A, AU - Kim,H-G, AU - Won,S, AU - Bae,J, AU - Bai,S C, AU - Koh,S-C, Y1 - 2020/03/17/ PY - 2019/09/14/received PY - 2020/01/10/revised PY - 2020/02/04/accepted PY - 2020/2/8/pubmed PY - 2020/7/23/medline PY - 2020/2/8/entrez KW - aquaculture KW - fish (live) KW - immunology KW - intestinal microbiology KW - probiotics SP - 431 EP - 439 JF - Letters in applied microbiology JO - Lett Appl Microbiol VL - 70 IS - 6 N2 - This study was performed to evaluate the effects of dietary probiotics on growth, non-specific immune responses and disease resistance in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. During 8 weeks, the fish were fed the five experimental diets such as a basal commercial diet (CON), oxytetracycline (OTC) and three basal diets containing Bacillus subtilis (BS), a commercial microbial product (CES) and a mixture of yeast and bacterium (PI), respectively. Fish fed all the probiotics diets and OTC showed a significantly higher growth than fish-fed CON (P < 0·05). Fish-fed PI had a significantly higher nitroblue tetrazolium activity, whereas fish-fed CES showed a higher lysozyme level (P < 0·05). A 7-day challenge test also showed that fish-fed PI had a cumulative survival rate equivalent to that of fish-fed OTC (P < 0·05). Moreover, the diet (PI) appeared to increase the diversity of microbial community in the fish. All these results suggest that the probiotics diet could function as a potential antibiotic replacer in the olive flounder. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study is unique in revealing that a diet mixture of yeast, Groenewaldozyma salmanticensis and bacterium Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens can enhance growth, innate immunity and diversity of microbial community including dominant species in the olive flounder. All these indicate that the diet mixture could function as a potential antibiotic replacer in one of the most commercially important fisheries in South Korea. SN - 1472-765X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32031273/Probiotic_effects_of_mixture_of_Groenewaldozyma_salmanticensis_and_Gluconacetobacter_liquefaciens_on_growth_and_immune_responses_in_Paralichthys_olivaceus_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.13282 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -