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Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: The Vienna Study.
J Clin Med. 2020 Feb 06; 9(2)JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study aimed to provide an extensive and up-to-date analysis of running-related injuries (RRI) and analyze a broad range of contributing factors for a large heterogeneous and non-selected running population from Central Europe.

METHODS

Anthropometric, training, footwear, anatomic malalignment, and injury data from 196 injured runners were assessed case-controlled and retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate regression models were developed to identify associated factors for specific injury locations and diagnoses.

RESULTS

The majority of patients were female (56%). Three most frequently observed malalignments included varus knee alignment, pelvic obliquity, and patellar squinting. The most common injuries were the patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), the iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS), patellar tendinopathy, spinal overload, and ankle instability. A number of contributing factors were identified. Previous injury history was a contributing factor for knee injuries and ITBFS. Lower training load was reported with a higher incidence of PFPS, while a higher training load was positively associated with injuries of the lower leg. Runners with a higher body mass index (BMI) were at a significantly higher risk for lower back injuries.

CONCLUSIONS

Running-related injuries are multifactorial associated with a combination of variables including personal data, training load, anatomic malalignments, and injury history. They can furthermore result from a lack of experience/training as well as from overuse. Suffering a specific RRI of high risk could be defined based on individual predispositions and help to induce appropriate training balance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics, and Intelligent Systems, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Department of Health Economics, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Orthopädie-Zentrum Innere Stadt, 1010 Vienna, Austria.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.Orthopädie-Zentrum Innere Stadt, 1010 Vienna, Austria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32041127

Citation

Benca, Emir, et al. "Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: the Vienna Study." Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 9, no. 2, 2020.
Benca E, Listabarth S, Flock FKJ, et al. Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: The Vienna Study. J Clin Med. 2020;9(2).
Benca, E., Listabarth, S., Flock, F. K. J., Pablik, E., Fischer, C., Walzer, S. M., Dorotka, R., Windhager, R., & Ziai, P. (2020). Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: The Vienna Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020438
Benca E, et al. Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: the Vienna Study. J Clin Med. 2020 Feb 6;9(2) PubMed PMID: 32041127.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of Running-Related Injuries: The Vienna Study. AU - Benca,Emir, AU - Listabarth,Stephan, AU - Flock,Florian K J, AU - Pablik,Eleonore, AU - Fischer,Claudia, AU - Walzer,Sonja M, AU - Dorotka,Ronald, AU - Windhager,Reinhard, AU - Ziai,Pejman, Y1 - 2020/02/06/ PY - 2019/12/19/received PY - 2020/01/31/revised PY - 2020/02/03/accepted PY - 2020/2/12/entrez PY - 2020/2/12/pubmed PY - 2020/2/12/medline KW - epidemiology KW - etiology KW - injuries KW - running related injury KW - running related overuse injury JF - Journal of clinical medicine JO - J Clin Med VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide an extensive and up-to-date analysis of running-related injuries (RRI) and analyze a broad range of contributing factors for a large heterogeneous and non-selected running population from Central Europe. METHODS: Anthropometric, training, footwear, anatomic malalignment, and injury data from 196 injured runners were assessed case-controlled and retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate regression models were developed to identify associated factors for specific injury locations and diagnoses. RESULTS: The majority of patients were female (56%). Three most frequently observed malalignments included varus knee alignment, pelvic obliquity, and patellar squinting. The most common injuries were the patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), the iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS), patellar tendinopathy, spinal overload, and ankle instability. A number of contributing factors were identified. Previous injury history was a contributing factor for knee injuries and ITBFS. Lower training load was reported with a higher incidence of PFPS, while a higher training load was positively associated with injuries of the lower leg. Runners with a higher body mass index (BMI) were at a significantly higher risk for lower back injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Running-related injuries are multifactorial associated with a combination of variables including personal data, training load, anatomic malalignments, and injury history. They can furthermore result from a lack of experience/training as well as from overuse. Suffering a specific RRI of high risk could be defined based on individual predispositions and help to induce appropriate training balance. SN - 2077-0383 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32041127/Analysis_of_Running-Related_Injuries:_The_Vienna_Study L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=jcm9020438 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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