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Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored by Quantitative RT-PCR.
J Korean Med Sci. 2020 Feb 17; 35(6):e79.JK

Abstract

Since mid-December of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has been spreading from Wuhan, China. The confirmed COVID-19 patients in South Korea are those who came from or visited China. As secondary transmissions have occurred and the speed of transmission is accelerating, there are rising concerns about community infections. The 54-year old male is the third patient diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in Korea. He is a worker for a clothing business and had mild respiratory symptoms and intermittent fever in the beginning of hospitalization, and pneumonia symptoms on chest computerized tomography scan on day 6 of admission. This patient caused one case of secondary transmission and three cases of tertiary transmission. Hereby, we report the clinical findings of the index patient who was the first to cause tertiary transmission outside China. Interestingly, after lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, AbbVie) was administered, β-coronavirus viral loads significantly decreased and no or little coronavirus titers were observed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.New Horizon Cancer Institute, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.Department of Family Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.Department of Laboratory Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.Department of Internal Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.Office of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, Department of General Surgery, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.Department of Infectious Diseases, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.Department of Infectious Diseases, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.CancerROP, Seoul, Korea. baeckseung@gmail.com.Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea. drjoseph@mjh.or.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32056407

Citation

Lim, Jaegyun, et al. "Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored By Quantitative RT-PCR." Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 35, no. 6, 2020, pp. e79.
Lim J, Jeon S, Shin HY, et al. Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored by Quantitative RT-PCR. J Korean Med Sci. 2020;35(6):e79.
Lim, J., Jeon, S., Shin, H. Y., Kim, M. J., Seong, Y. M., Lee, W. J., Choe, K. W., Kang, Y. M., Lee, B., & Park, S. J. (2020). Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored by Quantitative RT-PCR. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 35(6), e79. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e79
Lim J, et al. Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored By Quantitative RT-PCR. J Korean Med Sci. 2020 Feb 17;35(6):e79. PubMed PMID: 32056407.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of COVID-19 Infection in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Infected Pneumonia Monitored by Quantitative RT-PCR. AU - Lim,Jaegyun, AU - Jeon,Seunghyun, AU - Shin,Hyun Young, AU - Kim,Moon Jung, AU - Seong,Yu Min, AU - Lee,Wang Jun, AU - Choe,Kang Won, AU - Kang,Yu Min, AU - Lee,Baeckseung, AU - Park,Sang Joon, Y1 - 2020/02/17/ PY - 2020/02/10/received PY - 2020/02/11/accepted PY - 2020/2/15/entrez PY - 2020/2/15/pubmed PY - 2020/3/17/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - Coronavirus KW - Pneumonia KW - Real-Time Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction KW - Tertiary Infection KW - Viral Load SP - e79 EP - e79 JF - Journal of Korean medical science JO - J. Korean Med. Sci. VL - 35 IS - 6 N2 - Since mid-December of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has been spreading from Wuhan, China. The confirmed COVID-19 patients in South Korea are those who came from or visited China. As secondary transmissions have occurred and the speed of transmission is accelerating, there are rising concerns about community infections. The 54-year old male is the third patient diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in Korea. He is a worker for a clothing business and had mild respiratory symptoms and intermittent fever in the beginning of hospitalization, and pneumonia symptoms on chest computerized tomography scan on day 6 of admission. This patient caused one case of secondary transmission and three cases of tertiary transmission. Hereby, we report the clinical findings of the index patient who was the first to cause tertiary transmission outside China. Interestingly, after lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, AbbVie) was administered, β-coronavirus viral loads significantly decreased and no or little coronavirus titers were observed. SN - 1598-6357 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32056407/full_citation L2 - https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e79 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -