Dentoskeletal and soft-tissue changes comparison between the Jasper Jumper and Twin Force Bite Corrector in Class II malocclusion patients: A retrospective study.Int Orthod. 2020 Jun; 18(2):286-296.IO
This retrospective study aimed to compare the dentoskeletal and soft-tissue changes in Class II malocclusion patients treated with Jasper Jumper and Twin Force Bite Corrector associated with fixed orthodontic appliances.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The sample comprised 60 subjects divided into 3 groups. Patients with Class II malocclusion, mandibular retrusion, slight or no crowding and with no previous orthodontic treatment were eligible. Group 1 comprised 20 patients treated with the Jasper Jumper (JJ), with an initial age of 12.39 years. Group 2 comprised 20 patients treated with the Twin Force (TF), with an initial age of 11.83 years. The control group consisted of 20 untreated Class II subjects with an initial age of 12.13 years. Intergroup pretreatment comparisons were performed with One-way analysis of variance and intergroup treatment changes were compared with the Analysis of Covariance, both followed by Tukey test.
The TF group showed greater increase in mandibular length (6.23mm±4.64, P=0.004) than the control group (2.94mm±1.75). The mandibular incisors in the experimental groups presented significantly greater labial inclination and protrusion than the control (Md1.NB; JJ: 4.19°±2.09; TF: 4.46°±6.83; control: 1.13°±2.08, P=0.000/Md1-NB; JJ: 1.95mm±1.45; TF: 1.74mm±1.79; control: 0.31mm±0.81, P=0.000). In addition, the treated groups also showed significantly improvement of the dental relationships (Overjet; JJ: -4.05mm±4.64; TF: -3.80mm±2.12; control: 0.05mm±1.12, P=0.000/Overbite; JJ: -2.52mm±1.46; TF: -2.93mm±2.13; control: -0.63mm±1.35, P=0.000).
The Jasper Jumper and Twin Force associated to fixed appliances were effective in correcting Class II malocclusion with a combination of skeletal and dentoalveolar changes. However, the TF seems to provide more skeletal effects with greater maxillary growth restriction and mandibular length increase when compared to the JJ.