HOTTIP knockdown inhibits cell proliferation and migration via regulating miR-490-3p/HMGB1 axis and PI3K-AKT signaling pathway in ox-LDL-induced VSMCs.Life Sci. 2020 May 01; 248:117445.LS
Atherosclerosis (AS) is a common cardiovascular disease with complicated pathogenesis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be associated with AS progression. We aimed to explore the role and underlying mechanism of HOXA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP) in AS.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the expression of HOTTIP, miR-490-3p and high mobility group B 1 (HMGB1) in AS patients' sera and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs). Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and transwell assay were conducted to evaluate the proliferation and migration of HA-VSMCs, respectively. Western blot assay was carried out to determine the levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), matrix metalloprotein 2 (MMP2), MMP9 and HMGB1. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were conducted to verify the targeting association between HOTTIP and miR-490-3p, as well as miR-490-3p and HMGB1.
HOTTIP and HMGB1 were upregulated and miR-490-3p was downregulated in the sera of AS patients and ox-LDL-stimulated HA-VSMCs. HOTTIP knockdown suppressed ox-LDL induced proliferation and migration in HA-VSMCs. MiR-490-3p was identified as a target of HOTTIP and HOTTIP overexpression abolished the inhibition on cell proliferation and migration mediated by miR-490-3p in ox-LDL-induced HA-VSMCs. Moreover, miR-490-3p inhibition promoted cell proliferation and migration by directly targeting HMGB1 in ox-LDL-induced HA-VSMCs. Besides, HOTTIP knockdown repressed the activation of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.
HOTTIP knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and migration by regulating miR-490-3p/HMGB1 axis and PI3K-AKT pathway in ox-LDL-induced HA-VSMCs.