Threshold and saturation pressures of baroreflex-mediated myocardial interstitial acetylcholine release in rats.Auton Neurosci. 2020 Feb 19; 225:102657.AN
Cardiac microdialysis allows the assessment of cardiac efferent vagal nerve activity from myocardial interstitial acetylcholine (ACh) levels with minimal influence on the neural control of the heart; however, a total picture of the baroreflex-mediated myocardial interstitial ACh release including the threshold and saturation pressures has yet to be quantified. In eight anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto rats, we implanted microdialysis probes in the left ventricular free wall and measured the myocardial interstitial ACh release simultaneously with efferent sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) during a carotid sinus baroreceptor pressure input between 60 and 180 mm Hg. The baroreflex-mediated ACh release approximated a positive sigmoid curve, and its threshold and saturation pressures were not significantly different from those of an inverse sigmoid curve associated with the baroreflex-mediated SNA response (threshold: 94.3 ± 8.6 vs. 99.3 ± 6.0 mm Hg; saturation: 150.0 ± 10.3 vs. 158.8 ± 5.8 mm Hg). The sympathetic and vagal systems have certain levels of activities across most of the normal pressure range.