Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Pseudoduganella eburnea MAHUQ-39 and Their Antimicrobial Mechanisms Investigation against Drug Resistant Human Pathogens.Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Feb 22; 21(4)IJ
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have shown great promise in biomedical applications. The exact mechanism and mode of action of AgNPs regarding antimicrobial activity are still not well known. Moreover, synthesis of nanoparticles by physical and chemical methods is expensive and not ecofriendly. This study highlights the green, rapid, facile, cost-effective and ecofriendly synthesis of AgNPs using Pseudoduganella eburnea MAHUQ-39 and also investigates their antibacterial mechanisms. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image revealed a spherical shape of the AgNPs. The size of the synthesized AgNPs was 8 to 24 nm. The elemental mapping and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns revealed the crystalline structure of AgNPs. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis identified the functional groups that are involved in the reduction of silver ion to AgNPs. The green synthesized AgNPs exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic microbes. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were 100 μg/mL and 6.25 μg/mL, respectively, and the minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa were 200 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL, respectively. Our data demonstrated that synthesized AgNPs created structural changes of cells and destroyed the membrane integrity of strains S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. Therefore, AgNPs synthesized by strain MAHUQ-39 can be used as a powerful antimicrobial agent for various therapeutic applications.