A review on the photoelectro-Fenton process as efficient electrochemical advanced oxidation for wastewater remediation. Treatment with UV light, sunlight, and coupling with conventional and other photo-assisted advanced technologies.Chemosphere. 2020 Jul; 250:126198.C
Wastewaters containing recalcitrant and toxic organic pollutants are scarcely decontaminated in conventional wastewater facilities. Then, there is an urgent challenge the development of powerful oxidation processes to ensure their organic removal in order to preserve the water quality in the environment. This review presents the recent development of an electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP) like the photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) process, covering the period 2010-2019, as an effective treatment for wastewater remediation. The high oxidation ability of this photo-assisted Fenton-based EAOP is due to the combination of in situ generated hydroxyl radicals and the photolytic action of UV or sunlight irradiation over the treated wastewater. Firstly, the fundamentals and characteristics of the PEF process are described to understand the role of oxidizing agents. Further, the properties of the homogeneous PEF process with iron catalyst and UV irradiation and the benefit of sunlight in the homogeneous solar PEF one (SPEF) are discussed, supported with examples over their application to the degradation and mineralization of synthetic solutions of industrial chemicals, herbicides, dyes and pharmaceuticals, as well as real wastewaters. Novel heterogeneous PEF processes involving solid iron catalysts or iron-modified cathodes are subsequently detailed. Finally, the oxidation power of hybrid processes including photocatalysis/PEF, solar photocatalysis/SPEF, photoelectrocatalysis/PEF and solar photoelectrocatalysis/SPEF, followed by that of sequential processes like electrocoagulation/PEF and biological oxidation coupled to SPEF, are analyzed.