Advancements in SPR biosensing technology: An overview of recent trends in smart layers design, multiplexing concepts, continuous monitoring and in vivo sensing.Anal Chim Acta. 2020 Apr 01; 1104:10-27.AC
Inspired by the rapid progress and existing limitations in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensing technology, we have summarized the recent trends in the fields of both chip-SPR and fiber optic (FO)-SPR biosensors during the past five years, primarily regarding smart layers design, multiplexing, continuous monitoring and in vivo sensing. Versatile surface chemistries, biomaterials and nanomaterials have been utilized thus far to generate smart layers on SPR platforms and as such achieve oriented immobilization of bioreceptors, improved fouling resistance and sensitivity enhancement, collectively aiming to improve the biosensing performance. Furthermore, often driven by the desires for time- and cost-effective quantification of multiple targets in a single measurement, efforts have been made to implement multiplex bioassays on SPR platforms. While this aspect largely remains difficult to attain, numerous alternative strategies arose for obtaining parallel analysis of multiple analytes in one single device. Additionally, one of the upcoming challenges in this field will be to succeed in using SPR platforms for continuous measurements and in vivo sensing, and as such match up other biosensing platforms where these goals have been already conquered. Overall, this review will give insight into multiple possibilities that have become available over the years for boosting the performance of SPR biosensors. However, because combining them all into one optimal sensor is practically not feasible, the final application needs to be considered while designing an SPR biosensor, as this will determine the requirements of the bioassay and will thus help in selecting the essential elements from the recent progress made in SPR sensing.