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Electromyographic activity in deadlift exercise and its variants. A systematic review.
PLoS One. 2020; 15(2):e0229507.Plos

Abstract

The main purpose of this review was to systematically analyze the literature concerning studies which have investigated muscle activation when performing the Deadlift exercise and its variants. This study was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis Statement (PRISMA). Original studies from inception until March 2019 were sourced from four electronic databases including PubMed, OVID, Scopus and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (a) a cross-sectional or longitudinal study design; (b) evaluation of neuromuscular activation during Deadlift exercise or variants; (c) inclusion of healthy and trained participants, with no injury issues at least for six months before measurements; and (d) analyzed "sEMG amplitude", "muscle activation" or "muscular activity" with surface electromyography (sEMG) devices. Major findings indicate that the biceps femoris is the most studied muscle, followed by gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis and erector spinae. Erector spinae and quadriceps muscles reported greater activation than gluteus maximus and biceps femoris muscles during Deadlift exercise and its variants. However, the Romanian Deadlift is associated with lower activation for erector spinae than for biceps femoris and semitendinosus. Deadlift also showed greater activation of the quadriceps muscles than the gluteus maximus and hamstring muscles. In general, semitendinosus muscle activation predominates over that of biceps femoris within hamstring muscles complex. In conclusion 1) Biceps femoris is the most evaluated muscle, followed by gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis and erector spinae during Deadlift exercises; 2) Erector spinae and quadriceps muscles are more activated than gluteus maximus and biceps femoris muscles within Deadlift exercises; 3) Within the hamstring muscles complex, semitendinosus elicits slightly greater muscle activation than biceps femoris during Deadlift exercises; and 4) A unified criterion upon methodology is necessary in order to report reliable outcomes when using surface electromyography recordings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Research Centre, University of Almería, Almería, Spain.Health Research Centre, University of Almería, Almería, Spain.Health Research Centre, University of Almería, Almería, Spain. Laboratory of Kinesiology, Biomechanics and Ergonomics (KIBIOMER Lab.), Research Central Services, University of Almería, Almería, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32107499

Citation

Martín-Fuentes, Isabel, et al. "Electromyographic Activity in Deadlift Exercise and Its Variants. a Systematic Review." PloS One, vol. 15, no. 2, 2020, pp. e0229507.
Martín-Fuentes I, Oliva-Lozano JM, Muyor JM. Electromyographic activity in deadlift exercise and its variants. A systematic review. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(2):e0229507.
Martín-Fuentes, I., Oliva-Lozano, J. M., & Muyor, J. M. (2020). Electromyographic activity in deadlift exercise and its variants. A systematic review. PloS One, 15(2), e0229507. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229507
Martín-Fuentes I, Oliva-Lozano JM, Muyor JM. Electromyographic Activity in Deadlift Exercise and Its Variants. a Systematic Review. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(2):e0229507. PubMed PMID: 32107499.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Electromyographic activity in deadlift exercise and its variants. A systematic review. AU - Martín-Fuentes,Isabel, AU - Oliva-Lozano,José M, AU - Muyor,José M, Y1 - 2020/02/27/ PY - 2019/09/06/received PY - 2020/02/07/accepted PY - 2020/2/29/entrez PY - 2020/2/29/pubmed PY - 2020/5/19/medline SP - e0229507 EP - e0229507 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 15 IS - 2 N2 - The main purpose of this review was to systematically analyze the literature concerning studies which have investigated muscle activation when performing the Deadlift exercise and its variants. This study was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis Statement (PRISMA). Original studies from inception until March 2019 were sourced from four electronic databases including PubMed, OVID, Scopus and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (a) a cross-sectional or longitudinal study design; (b) evaluation of neuromuscular activation during Deadlift exercise or variants; (c) inclusion of healthy and trained participants, with no injury issues at least for six months before measurements; and (d) analyzed "sEMG amplitude", "muscle activation" or "muscular activity" with surface electromyography (sEMG) devices. Major findings indicate that the biceps femoris is the most studied muscle, followed by gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis and erector spinae. Erector spinae and quadriceps muscles reported greater activation than gluteus maximus and biceps femoris muscles during Deadlift exercise and its variants. However, the Romanian Deadlift is associated with lower activation for erector spinae than for biceps femoris and semitendinosus. Deadlift also showed greater activation of the quadriceps muscles than the gluteus maximus and hamstring muscles. In general, semitendinosus muscle activation predominates over that of biceps femoris within hamstring muscles complex. In conclusion 1) Biceps femoris is the most evaluated muscle, followed by gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis and erector spinae during Deadlift exercises; 2) Erector spinae and quadriceps muscles are more activated than gluteus maximus and biceps femoris muscles within Deadlift exercises; 3) Within the hamstring muscles complex, semitendinosus elicits slightly greater muscle activation than biceps femoris during Deadlift exercises; and 4) A unified criterion upon methodology is necessary in order to report reliable outcomes when using surface electromyography recordings. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32107499/Electromyographic_activity_in_deadlift_exercise_and_its_variants__A_systematic_review_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229507 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -