Molecular and pharmacological characterization of a β-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor from the green rice leafhopper Nephotettix cincticeps.Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2020 05; 120:103337.IB
As the counterparts of noradrenaline and adrenaline in vertebrates, octopamine (OA) regulates multiple physiological and behavioral processes in invertebrate. OA mediates its effects via binding to specific octopamine receptors (OARs). Functional and pharmacological characterization of OARs have been reported in several insects. However, little work was documented in hemipteran insects. We cloned a β-adrenergic-like OAR (NcOA2B2) from Nephotettix cincticeps. NcOA2B2 shares high similarity with members of the OA2B2 receptor class. Transcript level of NcOA2B2 varied in various tissues and was highly expressed in the leg. After heterologous expression in CHO-K1 cells, NcOA2B2 was dose-dependently activated by OA (EC50 = 2.56 nM) and tyramine (TA) (EC50 = 149 nM). Besides putative octopaminergic agonists, dopaminergic agonists and amitraz and DPMF potently activated NcOA2B2 in a dose-dependent manner. Receptor activity was blocked by potential antagonists and was most efficiently antagonized by asenapine. Phentolamine showed both antagonist and agonist effects on NcOA2B2. Our results offer the important information about molecular and pharmacological characterization of an OAR from N. cincticeps that will provide the basis for forthcoming studies on its roles in physiological processes and behaviors, and facilitate the design of novel insecticides for pest control.