Prevalence, molecular characterization, and antibiotic susceptibility of Bacillus cereus isolated from dairy products in China.J Dairy Sci. 2020 May; 103(5):3994-4001.JD
This study was conducted to reveal the prevalence, molecular characterization, and antibiotic susceptibility of Bacillus cereus isolated from dairy products including powdered infant formula, raw milk, pasteurized milk, ultra-high-temperature milk, and cheese. Five hundred samples collected from 5 provinces in China were analyzed in overall experiments. Multilocus sequence typing, distribution of toxin genes, and antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates were analyzed. Fifty-four B. cereus strains were detected; of these, 13 isolates (26%) were from raw milk, 12 isolates (12%) from pasteurized milk, 10 isolates (10%) from cheese, 12 isolates (8%) from ultra-high-temperature milk, and 7 isolates (7%) from powdered infant formula. These isolates were divided into 24 sequence types (ST); among them, ST24, ST26, ST82, ST142, ST377, ST857, and ST1046 were the main dominant ST. The results of detection of toxin genes (hblA, hblC, hblD, nheA, nheB, nheC, cytK, entFM, bceT, hlyII, and cesB) showed that 94.4% isolates carried nheABC genes, whereas only 11.1% of the isolates contained the hblACD gene cluster. In addition, detection rates of cytK, bceT, entFM, hlyII, and cesB genes were 75.9, 77.8, 85.2, 53.7, and 11.1%, respectively. The antibiotic susceptibility test indicated that most of B. cereus isolates were resistant to ampicillin, penicillin, cefepime, cephalothin, and oxacillin, and were susceptible to gentamicin, chloramphenicol, imipenem, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, erythromycin, kanamycin, and cefotetan. Therefore, this study revealed the prevalence and characteristics of B. cereus isolated from dairy products in China, indicating the potential risk and contributing to the effective prevention and control of this pathogen.