Enhanced characteristics and mechanism of Cu(II) removal from aqueous solutions in electrocatalytic internal micro-electrolysis fluidized-bed.Chemosphere. 2020 Jul; 250:126225.C
For the purification of heavy metal wastewater, internal micro-electrolysis (IME) was considered as an effective method but some disadvantage greatly restricts its application. Electrocatalytic internal micro-electrolysis (ECIME) fluidized bed using iron-carbon particles was proposed to avoid disadvantaging of IME. The principal aim of this study was to investigate the enhanced removal characteristics, mechanism, and kinetic behavior of Cu(II) that none clear before. ECIME reactor shows a better copper removal performance and depends much on the polarization of the external electric field (EEF). Both the reaction rate and removal efficiency of copper electrodeposition improved obviously. Noteworthy is more than 88.0% of Cu(II) in aqueous solutions was removed by enhanced electrodeposition, and only about 10.0% of Cu(II) was absorbed and flocculated through the in situ formed iron hydroxyl compounds. Through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical analysis, copper can effectively electrodeposition on the surface of iron-carbon particles in ECIME reactor and accordingly the enhanced mechanisms were proposed. 1) Iron-carbon particles of ECIME formation of microelectrodes with high surface potential, larger specific area, and active sites through electrode collision and repolarization. 2) Copper electrodeposition on the formed microelectrodes exhibited greater reduction peak potential, reaction overpotential and exchange current density, which influenced by the polarization voltage significantly. 3) The electrocatalytic environment tend to in situ generate iron polymer hydroxyl compounds help to further remove residual Cu(II). ECIME fluidized-bed has promised potential for heavy metal containing wastewater purification and metal recovery. In addition, the proposed reaction models will be useful for field application.