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Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its effect on the quality of life amongst female medical students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study.
Saudi Med J. 2020 Mar; 41(3):283-289.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To quantify the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea, study its associated factors, and to assess its effect on the quality of life of female medical students.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted among 376 female medical students at King Saud University student campus and King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between September 2017 and May 2018. The study was conducted using a consecutive, non-random sampling technique.

RESULTS

The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea among female medical students was 80.1%; most of the participants (n=134) reported moderate pain (49.8%). Primary dysmenorrhea was significantly associated with caffeine consumption (p less than 0.05) and did not show an association with factors, body mass index, diet, lack of physical activity, and smoking. Among the SF-36 domains, the 4 domains physical health (p less than 0.001) and emotional health (p=0.01) including health changes (p=0.033) and pain (p less than 0.001) were statistically significantly affected by dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea also had a significant impact on the students' academic performance where a higher proportion of students suffering from primary dysmenorrhea showed negative effects on their attendance, concentration, study time, and participation in class.

CONCLUSION

Most female medical students suffer from primary dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects their quality of life and academic performance. Caffeine consumption demonstrated a significant association with primary dysmenorrhea. Periodical awareness programs to minimize the consequences of primary dysmenorrhea should be introduced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail. refanhashim@gmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32114601

Citation

Hashim, Refan T., et al. "Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea and Its Effect On the Quality of Life Amongst Female Medical Students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. a Cross-sectional Study." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 41, no. 3, 2020, pp. 283-289.
Hashim RT, Alkhalifah SS, Alsalman AA, et al. Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its effect on the quality of life amongst female medical students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study. Saudi Med J. 2020;41(3):283-289.
Hashim, R. T., Alkhalifah, S. S., Alsalman, A. A., Alfaris, D. M., Alhussaini, M. A., Qasim, R. S., & Shaik, S. A. (2020). Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its effect on the quality of life amongst female medical students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study. Saudi Medical Journal, 41(3), 283-289. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2020.3.24988
Hashim RT, et al. Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea and Its Effect On the Quality of Life Amongst Female Medical Students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. a Cross-sectional Study. Saudi Med J. 2020;41(3):283-289. PubMed PMID: 32114601.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and its effect on the quality of life amongst female medical students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study. AU - Hashim,Refan T, AU - Alkhalifah,Sara S, AU - Alsalman,Alanoud A, AU - Alfaris,Demah M, AU - Alhussaini,Munira A, AU - Qasim,Raghda S, AU - Shaik,Shaffi A, PY - 2020/3/2/entrez PY - 2020/3/3/pubmed PY - 2021/1/21/medline SP - 283 EP - 289 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 41 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To quantify the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea, study its associated factors, and to assess its effect on the quality of life of female medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 376 female medical students at King Saud University student campus and King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between September 2017 and May 2018. The study was conducted using a consecutive, non-random sampling technique. RESULTS: The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea among female medical students was 80.1%; most of the participants (n=134) reported moderate pain (49.8%). Primary dysmenorrhea was significantly associated with caffeine consumption (p less than 0.05) and did not show an association with factors, body mass index, diet, lack of physical activity, and smoking. Among the SF-36 domains, the 4 domains physical health (p less than 0.001) and emotional health (p=0.01) including health changes (p=0.033) and pain (p less than 0.001) were statistically significantly affected by dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea also had a significant impact on the students' academic performance where a higher proportion of students suffering from primary dysmenorrhea showed negative effects on their attendance, concentration, study time, and participation in class. CONCLUSION: Most female medical students suffer from primary dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects their quality of life and academic performance. Caffeine consumption demonstrated a significant association with primary dysmenorrhea. Periodical awareness programs to minimize the consequences of primary dysmenorrhea should be introduced. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32114601/Prevalence_of_primary_dysmenorrhea_and_its_effect_on_the_quality_of_life_amongst_female_medical_students_at_King_Saud_University_Riyadh_Saudi_Arabia__A_cross_sectional_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -