Prevention of postprandial hypotension-related syncope by caffeine in a patient with long-standing diabetes mellitus.Endocr J. 2020 Jun 29; 67(6):585-592.EJ
A 74-year-old man who had type 2 diabetes mellitus of a duration of 20 years was admitted for syncope after eating a high carbohydrate meal. Although he had had episodes of pallor or syncope after carbohydrate-rich meals, such as with large amounts of white rice, several times within a year and he had been taken to hospitals emergently, the etiology of these episodes had remained unclear despite his undergoing several studies. Studies did show severe orthostatic hypotension during the head-up tilt test and a decrease in the coefficient of variation of the R-R interval (CVR-R) on resting electrocardiogram, suggesting severe autonomic nervous dysfunction. Because of the episodes of syncope after eating a carbohydrate-rich meal, we investigated whether he had postprandial hypotension (PPH). The 75 g oral glucose tolerance test revealed a significant decrease in his postprandial blood pressure by about 40 mmHg, leading to the diagnosis of PPH. The carbohydrate-rich meal test induced syncope with systolic blood pressure under 40 mmHg. Then 150 mg caffeine was administered before a second carbohydrate-rich meal. The marked decline in postprandial blood pressure was suppressed and plasma noradrenaline levels were gradually increased over a period of 60 minutes. Caffeine could be useful for prevention of postprandial hypotension-related syncope.