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Interaction between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults.
Nutrients. 2020 Feb 28; 12(3)N

Abstract

The objective of the present study was two-fold: Firstly, to investigate unhealthy eating patterns and body mass index among individuals following a vegetarian diet and those following an omnivorous diet. Secondly, to examine interaction between vegetarian versus omnivorous diet and unhealthy eating patterns (orthorexia nervosa, cognitive restraint) and body mass index using a structural equation modeling approach (SEM). The study included 370 participants: 188 participants following a vegetarian diet and 182 following an omnivorous diet. Unhealthy eating patterns and body mass index were measured. Our results showed that individuals following a vegetarian diet were more likely to engage in orthorexic eating behavior compared to individuals following an omnivorous diet. In addition, they had a significantly lower levels of cognitive restraint and lower body mass index than individuals following an omnivorous diet. Use of SEM method showed that: (1) following a vegetarian diet and orthorexia nervosa were directly associated, (2) following an omnivorous diet and cognitive restraint were directly related and (3) following an omnivorous diet had a greater tendency to cognitive restraint and an elevated body mass index. More research is necessary to further understand the complexity of the relationship between type of diet and unhealthy eating patterns in adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, 50-527 Wroclaw, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32121187

Citation

Brytek-Matera, Anna. "Interaction Between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults." Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 3, 2020.
Brytek-Matera A. Interaction between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults. Nutrients. 2020;12(3).
Brytek-Matera, A. (2020). Interaction between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults. Nutrients, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030646
Brytek-Matera A. Interaction Between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 28;12(3) PubMed PMID: 32121187.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interaction between Vegetarian Versus Omnivorous Diet and Unhealthy Eating Patterns (Orthorexia Nervosa, Cognitive Restraint) and Body Mass Index in Adults. A1 - Brytek-Matera,Anna, Y1 - 2020/02/28/ PY - 2020/01/25/received PY - 2020/02/24/revised PY - 2020/02/26/accepted PY - 2020/3/4/entrez PY - 2020/3/4/pubmed PY - 2020/3/4/medline KW - body mass index KW - cognitive restraint KW - orthorexia nervosa KW - vegetarian diet JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 12 IS - 3 N2 - The objective of the present study was two-fold: Firstly, to investigate unhealthy eating patterns and body mass index among individuals following a vegetarian diet and those following an omnivorous diet. Secondly, to examine interaction between vegetarian versus omnivorous diet and unhealthy eating patterns (orthorexia nervosa, cognitive restraint) and body mass index using a structural equation modeling approach (SEM). The study included 370 participants: 188 participants following a vegetarian diet and 182 following an omnivorous diet. Unhealthy eating patterns and body mass index were measured. Our results showed that individuals following a vegetarian diet were more likely to engage in orthorexic eating behavior compared to individuals following an omnivorous diet. In addition, they had a significantly lower levels of cognitive restraint and lower body mass index than individuals following an omnivorous diet. Use of SEM method showed that: (1) following a vegetarian diet and orthorexia nervosa were directly associated, (2) following an omnivorous diet and cognitive restraint were directly related and (3) following an omnivorous diet had a greater tendency to cognitive restraint and an elevated body mass index. More research is necessary to further understand the complexity of the relationship between type of diet and unhealthy eating patterns in adults. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32121187/Interaction_between_Vegetarian_Versus_Omnivorous_Diet_and_Unhealthy_Eating_Patterns__Orthorexia_Nervosa_Cognitive_Restraint__and_Body_Mass_Index_in_Adults_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu12030646 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -