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Snake bites by European vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: comparison of two antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®.
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2020 11; 58(11):1050-1057.CT

Abstract

Context: Today, immunotherapy with Fab or F(ab')2 fragments is considered as a gold standard treatment for patients bitten by vipers. We compared the efficiency of two antivenoms, Viperfav® and Viperatab®, in mainland France in 2017-2018 with data provided by the French poison control centre (PCC).Methods: Patients with a moderate (2a and 2b) or severe (3) envenomation after a European viper bite and treated with immunotherapy were included and the markers chosen were the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening, duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15. Statistical studies were based on multivariate data analysis.Results: Two hundred and ninety-seven cases were recorded. One hundred and eighty-two (61.3%) patients received Viperfav® and 115 (38.7%) received Viperatab®. Compared to Viperfav®, use of Viperatab® significantly increased the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening (OR* 12.05; 95%CI [3.11; 46.70]; p < .001). No significant difference between these antivenoms was recorded with respect to the duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15. Viperfav® and Viperatab® have a similar tolerance (p > .21). Otherwise, duration of hospitalisation was significantly increased by a delay of immunotherapy infusion of more than 12 h (OR 2.70; 95%CI [1.45-5.06]; p = .002) or a preventive administration of LMWH (OR 6.55; 95%CI [1.58-27.13]; p=.02).Discussion: While Viperfav® and Viperatab® have a similar tolerance, our data show that Viperatab® was associated with a higher risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening compared to Viperfav®. Furthermore, this study confirms that the antivenom should be used as soon as possible. Indeed, patients receiving the immunotherapy infusion from the grade 2b presented significantly more frequent exacerbated symptoms (OR 3.99; 95%CI [1.16-13.73]; p=.028) after the antivenom infusion compared to grade 2a group.Conclusions: Whereas no significant difference between these antivenoms was recorded with respect to the duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15, use of Viperatab®, compared to Viperfav®, significantly increased the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening (OR* 12.05; 95%CI [3.11; 46.70]; p < .001). Taken together, these data show that Viperfav® is the treatment of choice for the management of snake bites in France.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France, and Inserm UMRS 1144, University of Paris, France.Representative of Clinical Research and Innovation, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France.Poison Control Centre, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France.Poison Control Centre, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France.Poison Control Centre, Lyon University Hospital, Lyon, France.Poison Control Centre, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.Poison Control Centre, Paris University Hospital, Paris, France.Poison Control Centre, Nancy University Hospital, Nancy, France.Poison Control Centre, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France.ANSES, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety, Maisons-Alfort, France.Poison Control Centre, Marseille University Hospital, Marseille, France.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32134691

Citation

Boels, David, et al. "Snake Bites By European Vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: Comparison of Two Antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®." Clinical Toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), vol. 58, no. 11, 2020, pp. 1050-1057.
Boels D, Hamel JF, Le Roux G, et al. Snake bites by European vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: comparison of two antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2020;58(11):1050-1057.
Boels, D., Hamel, J. F., Le Roux, G., Labadie, M., Paret, N., Delcourt, N., Langrand, J., Puskarczyk, E., Nisse, P., Sinno-Tellier, S., & de Haro, L. (2020). Snake bites by European vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: comparison of two antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®. Clinical Toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 58(11), 1050-1057. https://doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2020.1726377
Boels D, et al. Snake Bites By European Vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: Comparison of Two Antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2020;58(11):1050-1057. PubMed PMID: 32134691.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Snake bites by European vipers in Mainland France in 2017-2018: comparison of two antivenoms Viperfav® and Viperatab®. AU - Boels,David, AU - Hamel,Jean François, AU - Le Roux,Gaël, AU - Labadie,Magali, AU - Paret,Nathalie, AU - Delcourt,Nicolas, AU - Langrand,Jérôme, AU - Puskarczyk,Emmanuel, AU - Nisse,Patrick, AU - Sinno-Tellier,Sandra, AU - de Haro,Luc, Y1 - 2020/03/05/ PY - 2020/3/7/pubmed PY - 2021/1/12/medline PY - 2020/3/6/entrez KW - European viper KW - Viperatab® KW - Viperfav® KW - antivenins KW - snake SP - 1050 EP - 1057 JF - Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.) JO - Clin Toxicol (Phila) VL - 58 IS - 11 N2 - Context: Today, immunotherapy with Fab or F(ab')2 fragments is considered as a gold standard treatment for patients bitten by vipers. We compared the efficiency of two antivenoms, Viperfav® and Viperatab®, in mainland France in 2017-2018 with data provided by the French poison control centre (PCC).Methods: Patients with a moderate (2a and 2b) or severe (3) envenomation after a European viper bite and treated with immunotherapy were included and the markers chosen were the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening, duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15. Statistical studies were based on multivariate data analysis.Results: Two hundred and ninety-seven cases were recorded. One hundred and eighty-two (61.3%) patients received Viperfav® and 115 (38.7%) received Viperatab®. Compared to Viperfav®, use of Viperatab® significantly increased the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening (OR* 12.05; 95%CI [3.11; 46.70]; p < .001). No significant difference between these antivenoms was recorded with respect to the duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15. Viperfav® and Viperatab® have a similar tolerance (p > .21). Otherwise, duration of hospitalisation was significantly increased by a delay of immunotherapy infusion of more than 12 h (OR 2.70; 95%CI [1.45-5.06]; p = .002) or a preventive administration of LMWH (OR 6.55; 95%CI [1.58-27.13]; p=.02).Discussion: While Viperfav® and Viperatab® have a similar tolerance, our data show that Viperatab® was associated with a higher risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening compared to Viperfav®. Furthermore, this study confirms that the antivenom should be used as soon as possible. Indeed, patients receiving the immunotherapy infusion from the grade 2b presented significantly more frequent exacerbated symptoms (OR 3.99; 95%CI [1.16-13.73]; p=.028) after the antivenom infusion compared to grade 2a group.Conclusions: Whereas no significant difference between these antivenoms was recorded with respect to the duration of hospital stay and persistent functional discomfort on day 15, use of Viperatab®, compared to Viperfav®, significantly increased the risk of post-antivenom treatment worsening (OR* 12.05; 95%CI [3.11; 46.70]; p < .001). Taken together, these data show that Viperfav® is the treatment of choice for the management of snake bites in France. SN - 1556-9519 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32134691/Snake_bites_by_European_vipers_in_Mainland_France_in_2017_2018:_comparison_of_two_antivenoms_Viperfav®_and_Viperatab®_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15563650.2020.1726377 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -