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Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups.
Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020 Jul 01; 15(6):862-867.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To (1) compare the 1-repetition-maximum (1RM) performance between the push press, push jerk, and split jerk and (2) explore these differences between weightlifters, CrossFit athletes, and a mixed group of athletes.

METHODS

Forty-six resistance-trained males (age 28.8 [6.4] y; height 180.0 [6.0] cm; body mass 84.1 [10.2] kg; weightlifting training experience 3.64 [3.14] y) participated in this study. The 1RM performance of the push press, push jerk, and split jerk was assessed during the same session in a sequential order (ie, combined 1RM assessment method). Thirty-six participants were retested to determine between-sessions reliability of the 1RM values.

RESULTS

Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) showed a high between-sessions reliability for the push press (ICC = .98; 95% CI, .95-.99), push jerk (ICC = .99; 95% CI, .98-1.00), and split jerk (ICC = .99; 95% CI, .98-1.00). There was a significant main effect of exercise (η2 = .101) and exercise × group interaction (η2 = .012) on 1RM performance (P < .001), whereas the main effect of group did not reach statistical significance (P = .175).

CONCLUSIONS

This study provides evidence that the weightlifting overhead press derivatives affect 1RM performance. In addition, the interaction of exercise and sport group was caused by the higher differences in 1RM performance between exercises for weightlifters compared with CrossFit and a mixed group of athletes. Therefore, strength and conditioning professionals should be aware that the differences in 1RM performance between weightlifting overhead-press derivatives may be affected by sport group.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32150725

Citation

Soriano, Marcos A., et al. "Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups." International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, vol. 15, no. 6, 2020, pp. 862-867.
Soriano MA, García-Ramos A, Torres-González A, et al. Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020;15(6):862-867.
Soriano, M. A., García-Ramos, A., Torres-González, A., Castillo-Palencia, J., Marín, P. J., de Baranda, P. S., & Comfort, P. (2020). Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15(6), 862-867. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0582
Soriano MA, et al. Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020 Jul 1;15(6):862-867. PubMed PMID: 32150725.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of 1-Repetition-Maximum Performance Across 3 Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Exercises and Sport Groups. AU - Soriano,Marcos A, AU - García-Ramos,Amador, AU - Torres-González,Antonio, AU - Castillo-Palencia,Joaquín, AU - Marín,Pedro J, AU - de Baranda,Pilar Sainz, AU - Comfort,Paul, Y1 - 2020/03/09/ PY - 2019/07/17/received PY - 2019/09/27/revised PY - 2019/09/27/accepted PY - 2020/3/10/pubmed PY - 2020/9/30/medline PY - 2020/3/10/entrez KW - combined assessment KW - maximal strength KW - push jerk KW - push press KW - split jerk SP - 862 EP - 867 JF - International journal of sports physiology and performance JO - Int J Sports Physiol Perform VL - 15 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To (1) compare the 1-repetition-maximum (1RM) performance between the push press, push jerk, and split jerk and (2) explore these differences between weightlifters, CrossFit athletes, and a mixed group of athletes. METHODS: Forty-six resistance-trained males (age 28.8 [6.4] y; height 180.0 [6.0] cm; body mass 84.1 [10.2] kg; weightlifting training experience 3.64 [3.14] y) participated in this study. The 1RM performance of the push press, push jerk, and split jerk was assessed during the same session in a sequential order (ie, combined 1RM assessment method). Thirty-six participants were retested to determine between-sessions reliability of the 1RM values. RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) showed a high between-sessions reliability for the push press (ICC = .98; 95% CI, .95-.99), push jerk (ICC = .99; 95% CI, .98-1.00), and split jerk (ICC = .99; 95% CI, .98-1.00). There was a significant main effect of exercise (η2 = .101) and exercise × group interaction (η2 = .012) on 1RM performance (P < .001), whereas the main effect of group did not reach statistical significance (P = .175). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that the weightlifting overhead press derivatives affect 1RM performance. In addition, the interaction of exercise and sport group was caused by the higher differences in 1RM performance between exercises for weightlifters compared with CrossFit and a mixed group of athletes. Therefore, strength and conditioning professionals should be aware that the differences in 1RM performance between weightlifting overhead-press derivatives may be affected by sport group. SN - 1555-0273 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32150725/Comparison_of_1_Repetition_Maximum_Performance_Across_3_Weightlifting_Overhead_Pressing_Exercises_and_Sport_Groups_ L2 - https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0582 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -