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Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction between Diet and Physical Activity.
Curr Nutr Rep. 2020 06; 9(2):64-74.CN

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

This review discusses current research on the impact of specific dietary patterns and exercise, both individually and combined, on cognitive function in older adults.

RECENT FINDINGS

Observational evidence generally supports a relationship between diet adherence and positive cognitive outcomes related to memory, executive function, and risk for cognitive impairment; however, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are limited. Exercise research is more extensive, showing improvements in cognitive performance after exercise interventions regardless of baseline cognitive status and noting lower incidences of cognitive impairment in people who engage in regular physical activity. Evidence supports adherence to specific dietary patterns and a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise as an effective approach to mitigate age-associated cognitive decline. Further research on older adults at various stages of cognitive decline, as well as longer-term RCTs, will help determine the best clinical markers of early cognitive dysfunction, and the effectiveness of early lifestyle intervention on cognitive function.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology & Palliative Medicine and the Sam & Ann Barshop Institute for Longevity & Aging Studies, UT Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. serram@uthscsa.edu. San Antonio GRECC, South Texas VA Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA. serram@uthscsa.edu.Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA.Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitative Science, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology & Palliative Medicine and the Sam & Ann Barshop Institute for Longevity & Aging Studies, UT Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitative Science, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Baltimore VA Medical Center GRECC, VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32166628

Citation

Serra, Monica C., et al. "Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction Between Diet and Physical Activity." Current Nutrition Reports, vol. 9, no. 2, 2020, pp. 64-74.
Serra MC, Dondero KR, Larkins D, et al. Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction between Diet and Physical Activity. Curr Nutr Rep. 2020;9(2):64-74.
Serra, M. C., Dondero, K. R., Larkins, D., Burns, A., & Addison, O. (2020). Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction between Diet and Physical Activity. Current Nutrition Reports, 9(2), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13668-020-00306-4
Serra MC, et al. Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction Between Diet and Physical Activity. Curr Nutr Rep. 2020;9(2):64-74. PubMed PMID: 32166628.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Healthy Lifestyle and Cognition: Interaction between Diet and Physical Activity. AU - Serra,Monica C, AU - Dondero,Kathleen R, AU - Larkins,Derrik, AU - Burns,Aisling, AU - Addison,Odessa, PY - 2020/3/14/pubmed PY - 2021/5/12/medline PY - 2020/3/14/entrez KW - Cognitive impairment KW - Dietary patterns KW - Physical activity SP - 64 EP - 74 JF - Current nutrition reports JO - Curr Nutr Rep VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses current research on the impact of specific dietary patterns and exercise, both individually and combined, on cognitive function in older adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Observational evidence generally supports a relationship between diet adherence and positive cognitive outcomes related to memory, executive function, and risk for cognitive impairment; however, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are limited. Exercise research is more extensive, showing improvements in cognitive performance after exercise interventions regardless of baseline cognitive status and noting lower incidences of cognitive impairment in people who engage in regular physical activity. Evidence supports adherence to specific dietary patterns and a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise as an effective approach to mitigate age-associated cognitive decline. Further research on older adults at various stages of cognitive decline, as well as longer-term RCTs, will help determine the best clinical markers of early cognitive dysfunction, and the effectiveness of early lifestyle intervention on cognitive function. SN - 2161-3311 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32166628/Healthy_Lifestyle_and_Cognition:_Interaction_between_Diet_and_Physical_Activity_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseforolderadults.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -