Pellino1 regulates neuropathic pain as well as microglial activation through the regulation of MAPK/NF-κB signaling in the spinal cord.J Neuroinflammation. 2020 Mar 14; 17(1):83.JN
Spinal cord microglia plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. However, the mechanisms underlying spinal microglial activation during neuropathic pain remain incompletely determined. Here, we investigated the role of Pellino1 (Peli1) and its interplay with spinal microglial activation in neuropathic pain.
In this study, we examined the effects of Peli1 on pain hypersensitivity and spinal microglial activation after chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in mice. The molecular mechanisms involved in Peli1-mediated hyperalgesia were determined by western blot, immunofluorescence, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We utilized immunoprecipitation to examine the ubiquitination of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) following CCI. In addition, we explored the effect of Peli1 on BV2 microglial cells in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge.
We found that CCI induced a significant increase in the levels of Peli1, which was present in the great majority of microglia in the spinal dorsal horn. Our results showed that spinal Peli1 contributed to the induction and maintenance of CCI-induced neuropathic pain. The biochemical data revealed that CCI-induced Peli1 in the spinal cord significantly increased mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation, activated nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and enhanced the production of proinflammatory cytokines, accompanied by spinal microglial activation. Peli1 additionally was able to promote K63-linked ubiquitination of TRAF6 in the ipsilateral spinal cord following CCI. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Peli1 in microglial cells significantly enhanced inflammatory reactions after LPS treatment.
These results suggest that the upregulation of spinal Peli1 is essential for the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain via Peli1-dependent mobilization of spinal cord microglia, activation of MAPK/NF-κB signaling, and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Modulation of Peli1 may serve as a potential approach for the treatment of neuropathic pain.