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A forensic evaluation of plague - a re-emerging infectious disease with biowarfare potential.
Med Sci Law. 2020 Jul; 60(3):200-205.MS

Abstract

Plague is an acute infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocco-bacillus Yersinia pestis. It has been responsible for 200 million deaths throughout history with three major pandemics. There are three forms: bubonic, septicaemic and pneumonic, each carrying a significant mortality rate. The usual transmission is from fleas carried by rodents. Recently, it has been listed as one of the reemerging infectious diseases globally, with a potential use in bioterrorism. At autopsy there may be lymphadenopathy, fulminant pneumonia or diffuse interstitial pneumonitis. However any organ may be affected with myocarditis, meningitis, pharyngitis and hepatic and splenic necrosis. The lethality of plague with the resurgence in numbers of cases, development of antibiotic resistance, recent occurrence in urban areas and the lack of a vaccine make it a disease not to be missed in the mortuary.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32192402

Citation

Byard, Roger W.. "A Forensic Evaluation of Plague - a Re-emerging Infectious Disease With Biowarfare Potential." Medicine, Science, and the Law, vol. 60, no. 3, 2020, pp. 200-205.
Byard RW. A forensic evaluation of plague - a re-emerging infectious disease with biowarfare potential. Med Sci Law. 2020;60(3):200-205.
Byard, R. W. (2020). A forensic evaluation of plague - a re-emerging infectious disease with biowarfare potential. Medicine, Science, and the Law, 60(3), 200-205. https://doi.org/10.1177/0025802420908483
Byard RW. A Forensic Evaluation of Plague - a Re-emerging Infectious Disease With Biowarfare Potential. Med Sci Law. 2020;60(3):200-205. PubMed PMID: 32192402.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A forensic evaluation of plague - a re-emerging infectious disease with biowarfare potential. A1 - Byard,Roger W, Y1 - 2020/03/19/ PY - 2020/3/21/pubmed PY - 2020/3/21/medline PY - 2020/3/21/entrez KW - Black Death KW - Plague KW - Yersinia pestis KW - biowarfare KW - bubonic KW - pneumonic SP - 200 EP - 205 JF - Medicine, science, and the law JO - Med Sci Law VL - 60 IS - 3 N2 - Plague is an acute infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocco-bacillus Yersinia pestis. It has been responsible for 200 million deaths throughout history with three major pandemics. There are three forms: bubonic, septicaemic and pneumonic, each carrying a significant mortality rate. The usual transmission is from fleas carried by rodents. Recently, it has been listed as one of the reemerging infectious diseases globally, with a potential use in bioterrorism. At autopsy there may be lymphadenopathy, fulminant pneumonia or diffuse interstitial pneumonitis. However any organ may be affected with myocarditis, meningitis, pharyngitis and hepatic and splenic necrosis. The lethality of plague with the resurgence in numbers of cases, development of antibiotic resistance, recent occurrence in urban areas and the lack of a vaccine make it a disease not to be missed in the mortuary. SN - 2042-1818 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32192402/A_forensic_evaluation_of_plague_-_a_re-emerging_infectious_disease_with_biowarfare_potential L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0025802420908483?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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