Modulatory effects of Cornus sanguinea L. mediated green synthesized silver nanoparticles on oxidative stress, COX-2/NOS2 and NFkB/pNFkB expressions in experimental inflammation in Wistar rats.Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2020 May; 110:110709.MS
The present study presents a green, cost efficient and easy synthesis method of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using an aqueous extract of Cornus sanguinea L. fruits (CS). The phytosynthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized using various analytical techniques such as UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, which confirmed the formation of AgNPs and FTIR spectroscopy, in order to certify the role of the biomolecules present in the fruit extract as reducing and capping agents of the AgNPs. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum showed a broad band at 407 nm characteristic for colloidal silver. Transmission electron microscopy was conducted to investigate the shape and size of the silver nanoparticles, revealing a spherical shape with an average particle size of 18 nm. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the fruit extract and green synthesized silver nanoparticles were assessed in vivo on experimental inflammation. The obtained results showed that CS and AgNPs reduced oxidative stress in parallel with increasing of antioxidant defense and diminished the COX-2 expressions. CS extract had a dual effect on NFkB activation depending on the time of testing while AgNPs increased NFkB phosphorylation at 48 h. These results suggested that both AgNPs and CS extract exhibited antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities but with a different dynamics of action.