Cellulose acetate/multi-wall carbon nanotube/Ag nanofiber composite for antibacterial applications.Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2020 May; 110:110679.MS
Herein we propose cellulose acetate/carbon nanotube/silver nanoparticles (CA/CNT/Ag) nanofiber composite for antibacterial applications. The nanofiber composite are expected to avoid harmful effects of silver (i.e. argyria and argyrosis) owing to anchoring of silver nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and embedding of the composite inside cellulose acetate (CA) matrix. The carbon nanotubes/silver nanoparticles (CNT/Ag) nanocomposite localized inside the CA polymer matrix allow minimal/no direct contact of silver nanoparticles with human cells and are expected to show reduced silver leaching. The cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibers loaded with silver nanoparticles anchored multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT/Ag) were fabricated by electrospinning. The samples were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), tensile strength tests and antibacterial assays. Synthesis of the CNT/Ag nanocomposite was confirmed with XPS, XRD, EDS and TEM analysis. SEM images showed regular morphology of the CA/CNT/Ag nanofiber composites. TEM images depicted anchoring of silver nanoparticles on CNTs and embedding of CNT/Ag in the CA nanofiber matrix. The antibacterial test results demonstrated excellent antibacterial performance of the CA/CNT/Ag. The CA/CNT/Ag samples ensured effective bacterial growth inhibition on agar plates, in liquid medium (optical density, OD590nm) (for 48 h) and in bactericidal assay (relative cell viability, %). Our results suggested CA/CNT/Ag composite nanofibers as potential candidate for safer antibacterial applications.