Expanding a Portfolio of (FO-) SPR Surface Chemistries with the Co(III)-NTA Oriented Immobilization of His6-Tagged Bioreceptors for Applications in Complex Matrices.ACS Sens. 2020 04 24; 5(4):960-969.AS
Cobalt-nitrilotriacetic acid (Co(III)-NTA) chemistry is a recognized approach for oriented patterning of His6-tagged bioreceptors. We have applied the matching strategy for the first time on a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) platform, namely, the commercialized fiber optic (FO)-SPR. To accomplish this, His6-tagged bioreceptor (scFv-33H1F7) and its target PAI-1 were used as a model system, after scrutinizing the specificity of their interaction. When benchmarked to traditional carboxyl-based self-assembled monolayers (SAM), NTA allowed (1) more efficient FO-SPR surface coverage with bioreceptors compared with the former and (2) realization of thus far difficult-to-attain label-free bioassays on the FO-SPR platform in both buffer and 20-fold diluted human plasma. Moreover, Co(III)-NTA surface proved to be compatible with traditional gold nanoparticle-mediated signal amplification in the buffer as well as in 10-fold diluted human plasma, thus expanding the dynamic detection range to low ng/mL. Both types of bioassays revealed that scFv-33H1F7 immobilized on the FO-SPR surface using different concentrations (20, 10, or 5 μg/mL) had no impact on the bioassay sensitivity, accuracy, or reproducibility despite the lowest concentration effectively resulting in close to 20% fewer bioreceptors. Collectively, these results highlight the importance of Co(III)-NTA promoting the oriented patterning of bioreceptors on the FO-SPR sensor surface for securing robust and sensitive bioassays in complex matrices, both in label-free and labeled formats.