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Associations between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status of children attending the School Kids Intervention Program.
Nutr Health. 2020 Jun; 26(2):103-113.NH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The nexus between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status has predominantly been studied in a mixed sample (healthy weight, overweight and obese sample).

AIM

This cross-sectional study examined associations between overweight/obese children's appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status.

METHODS

We studied children (N = 58, body mass index z-score: 2.25±0.46), 4-12 years attending the School Kids Intervention Program. Children's appetitive traits and dietary patterns were measured with the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and Children's Dietary Questionnaire, respectively. Children's height and weight were used to compute body mass index z-score; waist circumference was also measured and waist-to-height ratio was calculated.

RESULTS

After controlling for children's age and gender, hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that lower scores for slowness in eating were associated with higher body mass index z-scores in children (β = -0.31, p = 0.01). Higher scores for emotional overeating were associated with higher waist-to-height ratio in children (β = 0.48, p = 0.01). Higher scores for fussiness were correlated with lower scores for fruits and vegetables (β = -0.59, p < 0.001) and higher scores for non-core foods (β = 0.26, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSION

Results observed in the current sample of overweight and obese children are consistent with previous studies examining healthy-weight children. Slowness in eating may foster an obesity 'protective' effect, whereas emotional overeating may promote susceptibility to weight gain. Fussy eating may impair diet quality by lower consumption of vegetables and fruits and higher intake of non-core foods. This evidence will support dietitians to consider children's appetitive traits when providing dietary consultation to support obesity management among overweight/obese children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Clinical Sciences, University of Canberra, Australia.School of Clinical Sciences, University of Canberra, Australia.ACT Health Division of Women, Youth and Children, Australia.ACT Health Division of Women, Youth and Children, Australia.School of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Australia.School of Clinical Sciences, University of Canberra, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32223370

Citation

Jani, Rati, et al. "Associations Between Appetitive Traits, Dietary Patterns and Weight Status of Children Attending the School Kids Intervention Program." Nutrition and Health, vol. 26, no. 2, 2020, pp. 103-113.
Jani R, Agarwal CK, Golley P, et al. Associations between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status of children attending the School Kids Intervention Program. Nutr Health. 2020;26(2):103-113.
Jani, R., Agarwal, C. K., Golley, P., Shanyar, N., Mallan, K., & Chipchase, L. (2020). Associations between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status of children attending the School Kids Intervention Program. Nutrition and Health, 26(2), 103-113. https://doi.org/10.1177/0260106020910962
Jani R, et al. Associations Between Appetitive Traits, Dietary Patterns and Weight Status of Children Attending the School Kids Intervention Program. Nutr Health. 2020;26(2):103-113. PubMed PMID: 32223370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status of children attending the School Kids Intervention Program. AU - Jani,Rati, AU - Agarwal,Cathy K, AU - Golley,Pip, AU - Shanyar,Nicola, AU - Mallan,Kimberley, AU - Chipchase,Lucy, Y1 - 2020/03/29/ PY - 2020/4/1/pubmed PY - 2020/12/23/medline PY - 2020/4/1/entrez KW - Childhood obesity KW - dietary patterns KW - emotional overeating KW - fussiness KW - slowness in eating SP - 103 EP - 113 JF - Nutrition and health JO - Nutr Health VL - 26 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: The nexus between appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status has predominantly been studied in a mixed sample (healthy weight, overweight and obese sample). AIM: This cross-sectional study examined associations between overweight/obese children's appetitive traits, dietary patterns and weight status. METHODS: We studied children (N = 58, body mass index z-score: 2.25±0.46), 4-12 years attending the School Kids Intervention Program. Children's appetitive traits and dietary patterns were measured with the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and Children's Dietary Questionnaire, respectively. Children's height and weight were used to compute body mass index z-score; waist circumference was also measured and waist-to-height ratio was calculated. RESULTS: After controlling for children's age and gender, hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that lower scores for slowness in eating were associated with higher body mass index z-scores in children (β = -0.31, p = 0.01). Higher scores for emotional overeating were associated with higher waist-to-height ratio in children (β = 0.48, p = 0.01). Higher scores for fussiness were correlated with lower scores for fruits and vegetables (β = -0.59, p < 0.001) and higher scores for non-core foods (β = 0.26, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Results observed in the current sample of overweight and obese children are consistent with previous studies examining healthy-weight children. Slowness in eating may foster an obesity 'protective' effect, whereas emotional overeating may promote susceptibility to weight gain. Fussy eating may impair diet quality by lower consumption of vegetables and fruits and higher intake of non-core foods. This evidence will support dietitians to consider children's appetitive traits when providing dietary consultation to support obesity management among overweight/obese children. SN - 0260-1060 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32223370/Associations_between_appetitive_traits_dietary_patterns_and_weight_status_of_children_attending_the_School_Kids_Intervention_Program_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0260106020910962?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -