Cyclosomatostatin-induced catalepsy in aged rats: Specific change of brain c-Fos protein expression in the lateral entorhinal cortex.Brain Res Bull. 2020 Jun; 159:79-86.BR
Aging represents the largest risk factor for developing Parkinson's disease (PD); another salient feature of this disorder is a decreased brain levels of somatostatin. Recently, in aged Wistar rats, we simulated the central somatostatinergic deficiency by intracerebroventricular injections of a somatostatin antagonist, cyclosomatostatin (cSST). The treated animals displayed catalepsy, a state that resembles the extrapyramidal signs of Parkinson's disease; young animals were insensitive to cSST. The neuroanatomical substrates responsible for the increased cataleptogenic activity of cSST in aged animals, are currently unknown. To study this issue, we assessed the cSST effect on brain c-Fos-protein expression in aged and young rats; thirty three brain regions were examined. cSST was employed at the dose cataleptogenic for aged animals and non-cataleptogenic for young ones. c-Fos expression patterns in the 'cataleptic' and 'non-cataleptic' animals were very similar, with the only distinction being a decrease in the c-Fos expression in the aged lateral entorhinal cortex (LEntCx). This decrease was not observed when the cSST-induced cataleptic response was inhibited by administration of diphenhydramine and nicotine. Thus, the development of catalepsy in the aged Wistar rats appeared to be associated with a hypoactivation of the LEntCx; possibly, there exists a mechanistic link between the LEntCx hypoactivation and increased susceptibility of aged rats to catalepsy. Apparently, these findings may provide novel insight into the link between mechanisms of parkinsonian motor disorders and aging.