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Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Mar 31 [Online ahead of print]JO

Abstract

Importance

The rapidly expanding novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, has challenged the medical community to an unprecedented degree. Physicians and health care workers are at added risk of exposure and infection during the course of patient care. Because of the rapid spread of this disease through respiratory droplets, health care workers who come in close contact with the upper aerodigestive tract during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, such as otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, are particularly at risk. A set of safety recommendations was created based on a review of the literature and communications with physicians with firsthand knowledge of safety procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Observations

A high number of health care workers were infected during the first phase of the pandemic in the city of Wuhan, China. Subsequently, by adopting strict safety precautions, other regions were able to achieve high levels of safety for health care workers without jeopardizing the care of patients. The most common procedures related to the examination and treatment of upper aerodigestive tract diseases were reviewed. Each category was reviewed based on the potential risk imposed to health care workers. Specific recommendations were made based on the literature, when available, or consensus best practices. Specific safety recommendations were made for performing tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19.

Conclusions and Relevance

Preserving a highly skilled health care workforce is a top priority for any community and health care system. Based on the experience of health care systems in Asia and Europe, by following strict safety guidelines, the risk of exposure and infection of health care workers could be greatly reduced while providing high levels of care. The provided recommendations, which may evolve over time, could be used as broad guidance for all health care workers who are involved in the care of patients with COVID-19.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, NYU Langone Health, New York, New York.Department of Otolaryngology, Montefiore Medical Center, New York, New York.Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Department of Otolaryngology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland.Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Singapore General Hospital and National Cancer Centre, Singapore.Department of Otolaryngology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Otolaryngology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.Department of Otolaryngology, Louisiana State University, Shreveport.Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.Department of Otolaryngology, Beaumont Hospital, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.Department of Otolaryngology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.Department of Otolaryngology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.Head and Neck Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.Department of Veterans Affairs, White River Junction, Vermont.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32232423

Citation

Givi, Babak, et al. "Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic." JAMA Otolaryngology-- Head & Neck Surgery, 2020.
Givi B, Schiff BA, Chinn SB, et al. Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020.
Givi, B., Schiff, B. A., Chinn, S. B., Clayburgh, D., Iyer, N. G., Jalisi, S., Moore, M. G., Nathan, C. A., Orloff, L. A., O'Neill, J. P., Parker, N., Zender, C., Morris, L. G. T., & Davies, L. (2020). Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Otolaryngology-- Head & Neck Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0780
Givi B, et al. Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Mar 31; PubMed PMID: 32232423.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic. AU - Givi,Babak, AU - Schiff,Bradley A, AU - Chinn,Steven B, AU - Clayburgh,Daniel, AU - Iyer,N Gopalakrishna, AU - Jalisi,Scharukh, AU - Moore,Michael G, AU - Nathan,Cherie-Ann, AU - Orloff,Lisa A, AU - O'Neill,James P, AU - Parker,Noah, AU - Zender,Chad, AU - Morris,Luc G T, AU - Davies,Louise, Y1 - 2020/03/31/ PY - 2020/4/2/entrez PY - 2020/4/2/pubmed PY - 2020/4/2/medline JF - JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery JO - JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg N2 - Importance: The rapidly expanding novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, has challenged the medical community to an unprecedented degree. Physicians and health care workers are at added risk of exposure and infection during the course of patient care. Because of the rapid spread of this disease through respiratory droplets, health care workers who come in close contact with the upper aerodigestive tract during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, such as otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, are particularly at risk. A set of safety recommendations was created based on a review of the literature and communications with physicians with firsthand knowledge of safety procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Observations: A high number of health care workers were infected during the first phase of the pandemic in the city of Wuhan, China. Subsequently, by adopting strict safety precautions, other regions were able to achieve high levels of safety for health care workers without jeopardizing the care of patients. The most common procedures related to the examination and treatment of upper aerodigestive tract diseases were reviewed. Each category was reviewed based on the potential risk imposed to health care workers. Specific recommendations were made based on the literature, when available, or consensus best practices. Specific safety recommendations were made for performing tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19. Conclusions and Relevance: Preserving a highly skilled health care workforce is a top priority for any community and health care system. Based on the experience of health care systems in Asia and Europe, by following strict safety guidelines, the risk of exposure and infection of health care workers could be greatly reduced while providing high levels of care. The provided recommendations, which may evolve over time, could be used as broad guidance for all health care workers who are involved in the care of patients with COVID-19. SN - 2168-619X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32232423/full_citation L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/fullarticle/10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0780 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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