Four novel compound heterozygous mutations in C5orf42 gene in patients with pure and mild Joubert syndrome.Int J Dev Neurosci. 2020 Mar 31 [Online ahead of print]IJ
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. Using whole or targeted exome sequencing, we identified four novel compound heterozygous mutations in chromosome 5 open reading frame 42 gene (C5orf42), including c.2876C>T (missense mutation) and c.3921+1G>A (splicing mutation), c.2292 -2delA (splicing mutation) and c.4067C>T (missense mutation), c.6997_6998insT (frameshift mutation) and c.8710C>T (nonsense mutation), c.3981G>C (nonsense mutation) and c.230 _233del (frameshift mutation), in four Chinese JS families. They were all inherited from their heterozygosis parents in the autosomal recessive inheritance mode. Pure JS clinical manifestations and mild neuroimaging findings were found in these patients. These verified the previous findings that C5orf42 mutations generally resulted in a purely neurological Joubert phenotype, and neuroimaging findings were mild in JS with C5orf42 mutations. Our report analyzed these C5orf42 mutations-associated phenotypes and neuroimaging findings in JS and updated the genetic variation spectrum of JS caused by C5orf42.These will help clinicians and geneticists reach a more accurate diagnosis for JS.