First Scandinavian case of successful pregnancy during nitisinone treatment for type 1 tyrosinemia.J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2020 May 26; 33(5):661-664.JP
Background Type 1 tyrosinemia is a hereditary metabolic disease in which tyrosine metabolites damage the liver and kidneys. Nitisinone medication revolutionized the treatment, but the effects of the drug during human pregnancy are unknown. Case presentation A 17-year-old tyrosinemia patient became pregnant. Nitisinone was continued throughout pregnancy with a varying serum concentration and dose ranging from 0.8 to 1.4 mg/kg/day. Blood tyrosine remained stable until it increased in late pregnancy. α-fetoprotein increased to 284 μg/L without new changes in liver. Urine succinylacetone remained undetectable, but there were signs of possibly reoccurring kidney tubulopathy. Fetal ultrasound monitoring was normal throughout the pregnancy and the newborn healthy. After the delivery, α-fetoprotein normalized, but tyrosine continued to rise for up to 1 year. The child is developing normally. Conclusions Pregnancy during nitisinone was successful, but tailoring of the drug dose and possibly reappearing complications, as also increasing serum tyrosine concentration after delivery warranted intensified surveillance.