Bilateral medialization thyroplasty in patients with vocal fold atrophy with or without sulcus.Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Jul; 277(7):2023-2029.EA
To evaluate voice outcome after bilateral medialization thyroplasty in patients with non-paralytic glottic insufficiency due to vocal fold atrophy with or without sulcus.
Retrospective cohort study on 29 patients undergoing bilateral medialization thyroplasty for vocal fold atrophy (14 procedures) or atrophy with sulcus (15 procedures) between October 2012 and November 2017. Voice data were collected and analyzed for the preoperative and the 3- and 12-month postoperative time point according to a standardized protocol, including Voice Handicap Index (VHI)-30 and perceptual, acoustic and aerodynamic parameters. Failure rate was based on number of revisions within 12 months and non-relevant improvement (< 10 points) in VHI-30 at 12 months.
There was a clinically relevant (≥ 15 points) and statistically significant improvement (p < 0.0001) in the VHI-30 (preoperative: 55.8 points; postoperative at 12 months: 30.9 points). Fundamental frequency for male subjects decreased significantly from 175 to 159 Hz (p = 0.0001). The pre- and post-operative grade of dysphonia was significantly lower in patients with atrophy compared to atrophy and sulcus (mean difference 0.70, p = 0.017).
Bilateral medialization thyroplasty is a valid treatment option for patients with atrophy with or without sulcus. Outcomes are comparable to other methods reported in literature. However, there is a great need for larger, prospective studies with long-term follow-up to gain more insight into the comparative voice outcomes for the different forms of surgery for patients with glottic incompetence due to atrophy with or without sulcus.