Role of Frailty and Comorbidity Status in Predicting Morbidity and Mortality in Patients with Acute Mesenteric Ischemia.Ann Vasc Surg. 2020 Aug; 67:105-114.AV
This study was performed to determine the association of frailty and comorbidity status with postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI).
Patients diagnosed with AMI between April 2006 and September 2019 were enrolled in this study. Frailty was evaluated by sarcopenia which was diagnosed by third lumbar vertebra psoas muscle area (PMA). Comorbidity status was evaluated by the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score. Univariate and multivariate analyses evaluating the risk factors for postoperative morbidity and mortality were performed.
Of the 174 patients, 86 were managed conservatively and 88 underwent surgery. In surgically managed patients, 39.8% developed complications within 30 days of surgery. Ten patients died within 30 days of the operation. In the univariate analyses, white blood cell >10 g/L, low PMA, CCI score ≥2, and bowel resection were associated with postoperative complications. Multivariate analysis revealed that low PMA, CCI score ≥2, and bowel resection were independent predictors of postoperative complications.
This study demonstrated that low PMA, CCI score ≥2, and bowel resection were independent risk factors for postoperative complications in patients with AMI. Preoperative assessment of frailty using PMA and the evaluation of comorbidity status using CCI may serve as helpful tools in preoperative risk assessment and should be integrated into scoring systems for surgically treated AMI.